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A dental overbite is when your upper front teeth overlap with your lower front teeth. Most patients have at least a small dental overbite. Orthodontic braces can fix many issues including a dental overbite. An overbite can have a negative impact on our cosmetic smile.

Causes Of A Dental Overbite?

The term occlusion is a dental term that refers to how our teeth align with each other. A dental overbite is a type of malocclusion (a deviation form normal occlusion). A malocclusion is a misalignment or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches when they approach each other as the jaws close. A dental overbite is when a patient’s upper teeth sticks out fart beyond the lower teeth. Dental overbites are usually a genetic trait passed on down from parents. It can also be caused by a behavioral habit leading to malformed jaw development. These can include thumb sucking, prolonged use of a pacifier, teeth grinding, tongue thrust issues, biting our nails, or chewing on objects. TMJ disorder can also cause a malocclusion as well as loss of teeth as the our teeth shift.

Dental Overbite Henderson NV Marielaina Perrone DDSDental malocclusions can fall into 1 of 3 categories:

Class One Malocclusion. This type of malocclusion indicates when a normal dental bite is with a slight overlap of the upper teeth. This is the most common malocclusion.

Class Two Malocclusion. This type of malocclusion is diagnosed when the dental overbite is severe. Another term for this is retrognathic.

Class Three Maloccluison. This is a severe dental underbite (when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth). Another term for this is prognathic.

2 Types of Dental Overbites

-Vertical Overbite. This occurs when the top teeth significantly overlap the lower teeth.

-Horizontal Overbite. This happens when the top teeth protrude over the lower teeth.

Dental overbites can also be classified as either dental or skeletal. A dental overbite means that the teeth are the root cause of the dental overbite. A skeletal overbite identifies the jaw as the root cause of the dental overbite.

Treatments Of A Dental Overbite

Orthodontic braces are the #1 treatment for a dental overbite. A dental overbite can be diagnosed by a dentist or orthodontist. There is not an age limit on overbite treatment. It will just be easier on still growing children vs adults. It is usually very easy to see visually so parents can understand easily. In some cases, radiographs and dental impressions will be needed to fully assess the dental overbite. Orthodontic braces along with dental elastic bands . These bands along with orthodontic braces will slowly and methodically place forces on the jaw and teeth to bring things into a more cosmetic alignment thus eliminating the dental overbite.

In a severe dental overbite, removal of teeth (usually premolars) may be necessary or even dental surgery to re position the lower jaw.

A dental overbite can create issues in dental hygiene which can lead to an increased incidence of tooth decay and periodontal disease.

Possible Dental Overbite Treatment For Children and Young Adults

-Early removal of baby teeth. This will give permanent teeth extra room for eruption into the mouth.

-Growth modification appliance. This will be used during growth periods to help better position the jaw

-Orthodontic Braces. Use of braces will apply forces in a direct way slowly moving the teeth to correct the overbite along with the jaw.

-Orthodontic Retainers. These orthodontic devices are used following orthodontic treatment to help to keep the teeth in place after completion of treatment.

Possible Dental Overbite Treatment For Adults

– Orthodontic Braces. This allows movement of the teeth to correct a dental overbite.

-Teeth removal. Both dentists and orthodontists try to avoid removing permanent teeth but this will become necessary in very severe dental overbite cases. This is to allow the teeth more freedom to move.

-Dental Surgery. This may be needed for skeletal dental overbites that can only be corrected with surgery.

Untreated Dental Overbite?

If a dental overbite is left untreated there can be significant issues both dentally and for our health. The following are possible complications that can arise from not treating a dental overbite:

-TMJ Disorders including jaw pain.

-Increased risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease.

-Headaches.

-Pain upon eating and chewing.

Sleep Apnea.

Speech issues like lisps.

Dental Overbite Conclusion

Your dentist or orthodontist will be able to easily diagnose your dental overbite and offer you options to correct it. We all want a perfect smile but a dental overbite can cause other dental issues beyond cosmetics. Remember to see your dentist regularly for dental examinations and professional cleanings to keep your smile healthy and happy for a lifetime!

Opting to choose dental implants to replace a lost tooth or teeth can be a difficult decision. Becoming educated on the positive aspects of dental implants can help you choose dental implants in an educated manner. Dental implants when completed by a well trained implant dentist have an over 98% success rate. Below you will find the top 10 reasons to choose dental implants to restore your smile to its natural state and beyond.

Dental implants are the perfect choice for people in overall good dental health who may have lost a single tooth or multiple teeth due to development of periodontal disease, traumatic injury, or just about any other reason. Dental implants are actually more tooth saving than traditional crowns and bridges. If you choose dental implants they will not require shaving  down of healthy adjacent teeth or rely on adjacent teeth for their support.

Choose Dental Implants Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDSSufficient bone is necessary to support the dental implants, and the ideal candidates are those that have healthy periodontal tissues that are free of periodontal disease. Dental implants become connected with the underlying bone and periodontal tissues in the mouth. When you choose dental implants it is necessary to have good dental hygiene for long term success. With dental technique and material advances, dental bone grafts are now more successful than ever and can be used to increase your natural bone allowing dental implants to be an option. Be honest with your implant dentist regarding health issues. Clinical studies have shown an increased risk of failure of dental implants in patients who smoke. Generally dental implants are frequently only placed  after a patient has ceased smoking. If you choose dental implants you want to give yourself the greatest chance for success.

Top Reasons To Choose Dental Implants

1. Restore Your Smile. When you choose dental implants versus other forms of tooth replacement they need to be natural looking in appearance. Any dental restoration should restore and enhance your smile back to its natural state. Dental implants as a stand alone dental restoration or a dental implant supported denture should look and feel natural.

2. Prevent Bone Loss. When you choose dental implants, you are choosing to maintain bone height and density in your mouth. When we lose a tooth or teeth, our bodies natural inclination is to have bone resorb since it is not needed in that area when a tooth is lost. With proper placement of dental implants the body responds by maintaining bone in that area. This will maintain a youthful appearance and reduce wrinkling around the lips and mouth.

3. Increased Durability. Dental implants are extremely durable and highly successful. A well placed dental implant that is cared for should last a lifetime. This point alone should make you choose dental implants over traditional dental restorations.

4. Nutritional Enjoyment. With dental implants, food choice will not be a limiting factor. Once dental implants have healed you will be able to eat anything you want without restrictions based on your teeth. This will also lead to a healthier you as you can eat proper nutrition as necessary. With an implant supported denture, patients are able to eat a wide range of healthy foods that can include all the necessary food groups for improved nutrition and health. Chewy and crunchy foods such as carrots, lettuce and apples which are often avoided by denture wearers can be enjoyed once again when you choose dental implants.

5. Increased Self Confidence and Self Esteem. With a natural restoration and enhancement of your smile, you will immediately feel more confident. This can increase quality of life in many ways including increased job opportunities as well as romantic ones. Increased esteem and confidence will also lead to a healthier outlook on life and increased longevity. Traditional removable dentures can often over time become loose and not fit properly. This can cause the dentures to fall out and not be stable in the mouth. When you choose dental implants in combination with a denture it is fixed in place anchored by the dental implants. Your denture will not be able to fall or become loose. This will lead to increased confidence in work and social aspects of your life.

6. Better Articulated Speech. Since dental implants are fixed in place they will act like your natural teeth allowing you to speak without issue.

7. Impossible To Lose Dental Implants. Unlike a removable denture, dental implants are fixed in place and cannot be lost unless removed by your dentist.

8. Increased Convenience And Comfort. Removable dentures are notorious for causing sore spots inside the mouth. As the bones in the mouth remodel, your dentures will need adjustments and possible relining to fit comfortably again. Dental implants will not cause pain or discomfort. Removable dentures can be very inconvenient since you must remove them  at night as well as for cleaning them. They can also require messy adhesives in some patients. Patients with dental implants will not experience these situations as they will stay in the mouth permanently. Traditional removable dentures over time will often require replacement and repair. Dental implants may have an initial cost that is higher than removable dentures, they do not require a lifetime of costly dental maintenance.

9. No Interruption In Taste. Removable dentures are bulky and can interrupt the taste of our foods. Dental implants do not cover up extensive parts of our mouth allowing us the freedom to enjoy the taste and textures of our favorite food when you choose dental implants.

10. Maintenance. When you choose dental implants, you choose a low maintenance option. You will brush and floss just like your natural teeth. Since they are not removable, you do not need to buy special denture cleaners or denture adhesives. It is important to note that dental implants can be subject to periodontal disease or peri implantitis. So it is important to maintain good dental hygiene.

Top 10 Reasons To Choose Dental Implants Conclusion

When you choose dental implants, it is important to choose wisely. An educated patient is the best patient. Making an informed decision will give you a lifetime of smiles. Any questions ask your implant dentist and they can review all options with you.




Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that should be treated immediately. Below you will find some common questions patients ask about periodontal disease.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is classified as an infection of the soft and hard tissues supporting your teeth. Periodontal disease is caused when plaque begins to build up on the teeth and eventually hardens (also known as tartar). In the initial stages of periodontal disease, the gum tissues become inflamed and there may be some bleeding upon brushing and flossing. This initial stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment from your dentist and maintaining a regimented routine of at home dental hygiene. If gingivitis is left untreated, the disease can continue to progress. The next stage is known as periodontitis. In this stage of periodontal disease the plaque and tartar build up below the gumline. Continued irritation and inflammation of the gums occur, this response will create periodontal pockets (increased space between your teeth and gums) that become infected. As periodontitis progresses and worsens, the periodontal pockets get deeper and the bone that supports the teeth begins to be lost. If periodontitis is left untreated, it will eventually lead to loss of teeth.

Periodontal Disease Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDSHow Is Periodontal Disease Diagnosed?

During your dental visits, your dentist or hygienist will examine the tissues surrounding your teeth visually, using instruments, and thru radiographs. If inflammation is present or the gums bleed easily that will be the first sign of periodontal disease being present. Further examination will occur using an instrument called a periodontal probe. This probe can measure the bone height surrounding your teeth. Normal periodontal pocketing is around 3mm. As bone loss and inflammation occurs this number can rise dramatically. Generally a pocket depth above 4 mm along with bleeding is a hallmark sign of the presence of periodontal disease.

What Are Common Signs Of Periodontal Disease?

Unfortunately for many, periodontal disease can be a silent disease until it becomes quite advanced. Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include the following

-Inflamed or tender gums that are red in color.

-Bleeding upon brushing, flossing, or when consuming harder to chew foods.

-Teeth appear longer due to receding gum tissues.

-Loose or moving teeth.

-Development of a dental infection in the gum tissues. Usually presents itself as a pimple. Can also be a sign of an infection related to a bad tooth.

-Sores in the mouth

-Unexplained, chronic bad breath

-A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bring them together.

What Are Typical Periodontal Disease Treatments?

Depending on severity of periodontal disease, your dentist may refer you to a periodontist. A periodontist is a dentist that specializes in the gum and bone tissues of the mouth surrounding your teeth. There are a few options available. These include:

1. Scaling And Root Planing (also referred to as a deep cleaning). This dental hygiene cleaning will include the normal removal of plaque and tartar but will also smooth the root surfaces that are exposed or just below the gum line. This will help rid the oral bacteria that contribute to the development and progression of periodontal disease.

2. Periodontal Flap Surgery. This type of surgery opens the gum tissues up giving the dentist greater access to teeth, gum tissues, and bone. They can then debride the areas fully along with planing of roots. The tissues will be replaced and allowed to heal. Your dentist may decide a dental bone graft or gingival tissue graft may be necessary as well. A bone graft will help restore some missing bone to give added support in hopes of saving the affected teeth. A gingival tissue graft will help cover exposed roots to decrease sensitivity as well as give a better cosmetic result following surgery.

What Follows Treatment Of Periodontal Disease?

You will be placed on a maintenance therapy program. This will include oral hygiene instructions for at home along with necessary tools and education. It will also include the possibility of more frequent visits to the dental hygienist for follow up visits to keep the disease state under control. Some patients will require a more frequent schedule. The normal is every 6 months but for many cases it can increase to every 3 months to keep the disease from progressing further.

Can Periodontal Disease Contribute To General Health Issues?

Clinical studies have given us lots of data that periodontal disease does in fact affect our general health. These issues include:

Alzheimer’s Disease

-Cardiovascular Issues (Heart attack or stroke). Both periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease are considered chronic inflammatory diseases. The medical community believes that inflammation is probably the factor that associates the two disease states.

-Low Birth Weight Babies and PreTerm Pregnancies

-Difficulty in Controlling Diabetes

Can Children Develop Periodontal Disease?

It is rare to find periodontal disease in children but it is possible. More so for adolescents and teenagers. This does not mean we should not educate our children on the importance of dental hygiene. Children should be educated and develop a routine to avoid any issues as they get older. The warning signs of periodontal disease include swollen, bleeding gums that are red in color. If your child has these symptoms call your dentist to ensure he/she is cared for swiftly.

What Can Be Done At Home To Prevent Periodontal Disease?

The #1 way to prevent development of periodontal disease is visit your dentist regularly and maintain a diligent schedule of dental hygiene at home. This should include brushing at least 2x per day (recommend after every meal), flossing at least once a day, and using an antibacterial mouth rinse.

Is Periodontal Disease Contagious?

The actual periodontal disease state is not contagious since it is an inflammatory process. However, the bacteria that causes periodontal disease can be spread thru saliva. This is most often common from mother or father to newborn baby prior to full development of immune system. It has also been shown to have a genetic component. It is believed that approximately 30% of the world’s population may have some genetic susceptibility to the development of periodontal disease. Modern DNA testing can shed some light on these factors as well. Once such company is called OralDNAMyPerioPath is used to test for the detection of oral pathogens that cause periodontal disease. MyPerioPath can help provide early detection of oral pathogens to enable the personalized care in treatment of periodontal disease.

Can I Wait To Get Periodontal Disease Treatment?

The earlier that periodontal disease can be treated the cheaper and easier it will be to manage the outcomes. At the earliest sign of periodontal disease see your dentist and it could just involve a professional cleaning and some dental hygiene instructions. If you wait it could progress to periodontal flap surgery and tooth loss.

What Are The Stages Of Periodontal Disease?

The stages of periodontal disease are as follows:

-Gingivitis

-Periodontitis

-Advanced Periodontitis




The different dental implants types are a safe and effective way to replace lost or missing teeth. The success rate for well planned dental implants is well over 98%. Dental implants are an artificial tooth root (generally fabricated out of titanium metal) that a periodontist or oral surgeon inserts into your jaw bone to support a dental restoration to replace a single tooth or multiple teeth. Did you know there are different dental implants types available? There are many different scenarios where the various dental implants types are needed so dentists have developed many different dental implants types to offer to patients.

The various dental implants types are the ideal solution for people in overall good dental health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, injury, or any other reason. The various dental implants types are actually more conservative dentally than traditional dental crowns and dental bridges. This is because the different dental implants types do not have the need to cut down healthy teeth or rely upon adjacent teeth for support.

Dental Implants Vs Bridge Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDS Different Dental Implants Types Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDS

Sufficient bone is needed to support the various dental implants types, and the best candidates have healthy periodontal tissues that are periodontal disease free. Dental implants are intimately connected with the underlying bone and gum tissues in the mouth. Good dental hygiene is necessary for long term success of dental implants. With dental technique and dental material advancements, dental bone grafts are now more successful than ever and can be used to augment your natural bone. Be honest with your dentist regarding health issues. There is a marked increased risk of failure in patients who smoke. For this reason, dental implants are frequently placed only after a patient has stopped smoking for a period of time.

Different Dental Implants Types

-Two Stage Dental Implants. This is the most commonly used dental implants types used by dentists today. This type of dental implant is placed directly in the bone just below the gum line. The implant is closed over by the gum tissues while it is healing. Following healing, the implant is uncovered and a final dental implants crown is placed to restore a lost tooth.

-Single-Stage Dental Implants. This dental implants method does not cover the dental implant with gum tissue following surgery. This technique is not commonly used.

-Immediate Load Dental Implants. This dental implants type is one where a dental implant and a dental crown are placed on the same day. This can be very tricky as conditions must be ideal including sufficient bone volume/density being present for success.

All On 4 Dental Implants. This is a fairly new dental implants types that can help many patients replace missing teeth. The All on 4 Dental Implants procedure uses four dental implants per arch (either upper or lower or can be completed on both arches).  The dental implants in the back of the mouth are placed on an angle to take maximum advantage of the existing bone structure. A special dental implants type was developed and refined that could support the immediate loading and fitting of replacement teeth. This treatment is attractive to those with loose dentures or those in need of full upper and/or lower dental restorations. With the All-on-4 dental implants procedure, patients receive just four dental implants and a full set of new upper or lower replacement teeth in just one appointment. This is generally able to be completed without the need for dental bone grafts.  The real attractionfor patients for the all on 4 dental implants procedure is how quickly permanent dental implants and dental restorations can be placed. This allows patients the ability to leave the same day with a denture that is anchored and stabilized by these specific all on 4 dental implants types.

Historically, the dentist’s approach to restoring a full arch of teeth usually involved dental bone grafts, six or more dental implants, and as much as 18 months of dental treatment. In that time, the patient would be wearing an interim denture while the dental bone grafts and dental implants heal and integrate into the bone. This can be very expensive, time consuming, and uncomfortable for a patient to continuously go back for dental treatment.

Which Dental Implants Types Are Best?

Luckily, with different dental implants types we have options for different patients. Each patient is unique and dentistry should never be one size fits all. Dentistry and especially implant dentistry is highly personalized. Dental implants types are a constantly evolving section of implant dentistry. As time advances, new dental implants types will be developed with different materials and techniques. Speak to your implant dentist today to see which dental implants types is right for your smile.

Reasons To Say Yes To Different Dental Implants Types

Esthetics. Once restored no one should ever know but you and your dentist that you have dental implants.

Functional Stability. Once healed, your dental implants will function and feel just like your natural teeth. You will be able to eat and drink anything you want.

Maintain Oral Health. The various dental implants types help to maintain optimum bone levels of the jaws. This will allow your face to maintain its natural bone structure as long as possible giving you a more youthful appearance.

No Worries. Dental implants are stable so you won’t have to worry about them falling out, rocking, or not feeling stable enough to eat what you want. Although dental implants can have complications, they are few and far between. You will never need a root canal on a dental implant nor will you ever get tooth decay.

Longevity Success. Dental implants have an over 98% success rate and should (with proper dental maintenance care) last a lifetime.

Financial Cost. While the cost may seem high, it is important to note how much goes into the different dental implants types. A dental implant should last a lifetime and should be considered over traditional dental treatments like a dental bridge for that reason.

Different Dental Implants Types Conclusion

The various different dental implants types mentioned above only add to the options you have to restore lost teeth. Speak to your implant dentist today to see what dental implants option is best for you long term.