Bone grafting has many practical dental applications, primarily in combinationfor replacement of missing teeth with dental implants. Patients may need a dental bone graft to increase the amount and quality of bone in a specific part of the jaw where bone material has been lost or where additional bone support is needed.
What Is a Dental Bone Graft?
The bone is highly durable and strong; however, it can be pliable. Your body consistently creates new bone cells to replace old ones. While these bone changes are very normal, sometimes your jaw can lose too much bone material in an area. If this happens, a bone graft may be required to restore that area of bone loss.
Bone grafting is considered a minor dental surgical procedure. Your dentist will make an incision in the gum tissues to expose the jawbone and then graft new bone material to it. Your body will then integrate the new bone with the old, allowing the area to be rebuilt again and erasing the bone loss.
How Common Are Dental Bone Grafts?
Dental bone grafts are an extremely common part of modern dental offices. They can be performed by a general dentist, a periodontist or an oral surgeon. They are typically needed for dental implants patients.
TYPES OF BONE GRAFTING
The type of bone grafting you will need depends on the amount and location of your missing bone. Some patients receiving may need relatively minor bone grafting, whereas patients who experience facial trauma may require more extensive bone grafting. The most common types of dental bone grating are:
Following a tooth extraction, the bone surrounding the area will start to resorb once the tooth is no longer there to maintain the bone density. Socket preservation is a type of bone graft placed directly into the tooth socket once tooth extraction is complete. This bone grafting placement will help preserve the bone and allow for bone growth for the eventual placement of a dental implant.
If the sinus cavity is too low for the placement of a dental implant, you will need a sinus lift. A sinus lift allows your dentist to place a bone graft between your sinus cavity and the upper teeth. This addition of bone and eventual bone growth will create the space needed for a stable and successful dental implant.
Expansion Of Ridge
Ridge expansion increases your bone width and height to make room for dental implants.
Periodontal Bone Graft
Infection from progressive periodontal disease can destroy the bone that supports your smile. This can cause your teeth to become loose. A periodontal dental bone graft is placed around an existing tooth to decrease mobility and provide support.
Major Bone Grafts
This is when extensive areas of bone grafts are needed to be restored due to facial trauma, congenital disabilities, periodontal disease, or even facial tumor treatment. Usually, your bone tissue is taken from your jaw, hip (iliac crest bone graft), or tibia for a major dental bone graft. These bone graft materials will be used to restore the facial bones.
Who Will Need Bone Grafting Procedures?
Your dentist may require a dental bone graft for the following reasons:
Bone grafts may be necessary before the dental implant surgery to provide a strong support foundation for the new dental implants.
Untreated, periodontal disease leads to tooth loss and eventually bone loss. With tooth loss, there will be bone resorption. When this occurs, the jawbones will weaken and make dental restoration difficult. Adding a dental bone graft in these areas will strengthen and stabilize the bones of the jaws.
Improved Cosmetic Appearance
Bone loss in the jaws can have a profound effect on facial structures. This esthetic change from bone loss in the jaws can include sunken cheeks and shorter facial dimensions. Bone grafting and eventual smile restoration can make you look younger!
The Bone Grafting Procedure
Every patient will be different when it comes to dental bone grafts. In the case of dental implants, your dentist will perform the bone graft before your implant surgery. This bone graft material placement will help to stabilize the foundation for the new dental implant crown.
Where Does Bone Tissue Come From?
In many patients, bone grafts use bone from your own body, usually from a different area of the mouth. However, bone graft material donated from a bone bank (synthetic bone grafts) or animal donors (transplanted bone) are also excellent sources of bone grafting material. Using these materials will not require a second surgical incision to obtain bone material.
Dental bone graft surgery is a straightforward and quick procedure. It is performed in the dental office. Healing typically takes a few weeks. However, you may need to wait several months for the bone graft to take hold and be ready for dental implant placement.
What Happens Following Placement Of A Dental Bone Graft?
Following a dental bone graft, you may have pain, swelling, and bruising. These are expected side effects that should diminish in a few days. You can manage symptoms with over the counter pain relief. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics as well.
You might notice small fragments of bone coming in your mouth over the following few days. These pieces often resemble grains of salt. This usually is not an issue, but to be safe call your dentist to make sure that you are healing normally.
How Painful Are Dental Bone Grafting Procedures?
Most people who have dental bone grafting report little to no pain.
Can Dental Bone Grafting Procedures Fail?
Dental bone grafts are extremely successful. Failure is always a possibility, no matter how remote. This is especially true among people who smoke or have certain medical conditions. Signs of dental bone graft failure will include:
- Pain or swelling that worsens after the first week.
- Pus or drainage present from the bone graft site.
- Receding gingival tissue.
- No significant improvement in jawbone volume.
Regain confidence in your smile with the help of Marielaina Perrone DDS!
Our goal is to help our patients give them their best smile yet. Dr. Perrone and her cosmetic dental team are proud to offer comprehensive dental care, including routine dental cleanings as well as the cosmetic and restorative procedures mentioned above.
If you are in need of a dental bone grafts or looking for dental implants to replace missing teeth, contact Marielaina Perrone DDS at (702) 458-2929. To schedule a no cost cosmetic consultation appointment. We cannot wait to help you with your state of the art smile makeover to create the smile of your dreams in Summerlin, Henderson, and Las Vegas, NV.