Scaling And Root Planing

Las Vegas & Henderson NV

Scaling and root planing is one of the most conservative and effective procedures to treat periodontal disease before it progresses. Scaling is the removal of calculus (commonly called tartar) and plaque that attach to the tooth and root surfaces. Scaling and root planing cleans between the gums and the teeth along the roots. Scaling and root planing specifically targets the areas below the gum line (along the root) that you are unable to reach on your own.

Scaling and root planing are sometimes referred to as a deep dental cleaning. Scaling involves removal of built up plaque at the gum line using either manual hand instruments or an ultrasonic cleaning tool. During root planing, your dentist or hygienist will be gently cleaning the roots of your teeth, and removing any rough spots along the roots and teeth. Plaque and bacteria is far more likely to stick to rough surfaces.

The root surface is made smooth in a process called root planing. Root planing removes any remaining tartar and smooths irregular areas of the root surface. This procedure is usually performed using local anesthesia, because the roots of teeth are unprotected by enamel and are very sensitive. Local anesthetic should prevent you from feeling discomfort during the root planing and scaling.

Scaling-Planing-300x224

Why is Scaling And Root Planing A Necessary Procedure?

Scaling and root planing actually helps the gum tissues heal. The gum tissues will have an easier time reattaching themselves to a smoother root surface than a rough one. The smoother surface also helps keep dental plaque from attacking the tooth’s root surface. This makes it far easier to maintain the gum tissue following treatment. Scaling and root planing has been shown to help prevent periodontal disease from progressing and it can also reverse the signs of ginigvitis (the earliest form (and only reversible stage) of periodontal disease).

Marielaina Perrone DDS Scaling And Root Planing

What To Expect From
Scaling And Root Planing Treatment

It generally takes more than 1-2 visits to complete scaling and root planing. Since all of that deep cleaning can leave your teeth pretty sensitive, the dentist or hygienist will only do one part your mouth at a time. The number of treatments can depend on how severe your periodontal disease. You will schedule your follow up appointments about 1 week apart from each other. It will also be recommended that you schedule more frequent cleanings (every 3-4 months) after scaling and root planing to help prevent the progression of gum disease.

Marielaina Perrone DDS Cosmetic Dentist

What To expect Following Scaling And Root Planing

Once the scaling and root planing is completed, oral hygiene preventive care is necessary to keep gums healthy. Periodontal disease can not be cured but it can be held at bay with proper oral hygiene techniques and practices.

Brushing and flossing will help fight the dental plaque that is constantly forming around teeth. Antibacterial rinses, such as Peridex, and stannous fluoride rinses help keep bad bacteria at bay. Tartar dissolving products such as Periogen will help keep teeth cleaner between cleanings and allow for greater healing to occur. Regular dental examinations and visits to your hygienist are required to clean areas we are unable to.

A simple, conservative procedure like scaling and root planing can reduce periodontal disease’s effects and restore the gum tissue to a healthy state. Without proper treatment, periodontal disease will progress. It will progress past the gingivitis stage into periodontitis. Periodontitis is not reversible like gingivitis. Remember: Once gum tissue is lost, it doesn’t grow back. The earlier you treat gum disease, the better chance you have for recovery.