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A dental overbite is when your upper front teeth overlap with your lower front teeth. Most patients have at least a small dental overbite. Orthodontic braces can fix many issues including a dental overbite. An overbite can have a negative impact on our cosmetic smile.

Causes Of A Dental Overbite?

The term occlusion is a dental term that refers to how our teeth align with each other. A dental overbite is a type of malocclusion (a deviation form normal occlusion). A malocclusion is a misalignment or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches when they approach each other as the jaws close. A dental overbite is when a patient’s upper teeth sticks out fart beyond the lower teeth. Dental overbites are usually a genetic trait passed on down from parents. It can also be caused by a behavioral habit leading to malformed jaw development. These can include thumb sucking, prolonged use of a pacifier, teeth grinding, tongue thrust issues, biting our nails, or chewing on objects. TMJ disorder can also cause a malocclusion as well as loss of teeth as the our teeth shift.

Dental Overbite Henderson NV Marielaina Perrone DDSDental malocclusions can fall into 1 of 3 categories:

Class One Malocclusion. This type of malocclusion indicates when a normal dental bite is with a slight overlap of the upper teeth. This is the most common malocclusion.

Class Two Malocclusion. This type of malocclusion is diagnosed when the dental overbite is severe. Another term for this is retrognathic.

Class Three Maloccluison. This is a severe dental underbite (when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth). Another term for this is prognathic.

2 Types of Dental Overbites

-Vertical Overbite. This occurs when the top teeth significantly overlap the lower teeth.

-Horizontal Overbite. This happens when the top teeth protrude over the lower teeth.

Dental overbites can also be classified as either dental or skeletal. A dental overbite means that the teeth are the root cause of the dental overbite. A skeletal overbite identifies the jaw as the root cause of the dental overbite.

Treatments Of A Dental Overbite

Orthodontic braces are the #1 treatment for a dental overbite. A dental overbite can be diagnosed by a dentist or orthodontist. There is not an age limit on overbite treatment. It will just be easier on still growing children vs adults. It is usually very easy to see visually so parents can understand easily. In some cases, radiographs and dental impressions will be needed to fully assess the dental overbite. Orthodontic braces along with dental elastic bands . These bands along with orthodontic braces will slowly and methodically place forces on the jaw and teeth to bring things into a more cosmetic alignment thus eliminating the dental overbite.

In a severe dental overbite, removal of teeth (usually premolars) may be necessary or even dental surgery to re position the lower jaw.

A dental overbite can create issues in dental hygiene which can lead to an increased incidence of tooth decay and periodontal disease.

Possible Dental Overbite Treatment For Children and Young Adults

-Early removal of baby teeth. This will give permanent teeth extra room for eruption into the mouth.

-Growth modification appliance. This will be used during growth periods to help better position the jaw

-Orthodontic Braces. Use of braces will apply forces in a direct way slowly moving the teeth to correct the overbite along with the jaw.

-Orthodontic Retainers. These orthodontic devices are used following orthodontic treatment to help to keep the teeth in place after completion of treatment.

Possible Dental Overbite Treatment For Adults

– Orthodontic Braces. This allows movement of the teeth to correct a dental overbite.

-Teeth removal. Both dentists and orthodontists try to avoid removing permanent teeth but this will become necessary in very severe dental overbite cases. This is to allow the teeth more freedom to move.

-Dental Surgery. This may be needed for skeletal dental overbites that can only be corrected with surgery.

Untreated Dental Overbite?

If a dental overbite is left untreated there can be significant issues both dentally and for our health. The following are possible complications that can arise from not treating a dental overbite:

-TMJ Disorders including jaw pain.

-Increased risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease.

-Headaches.

-Pain upon eating and chewing.

Sleep Apnea.

Speech issues like lisps.

Dental Overbite Conclusion

Your dentist or orthodontist will be able to easily diagnose your dental overbite and offer you options to correct it. We all want a perfect smile but a dental overbite can cause other dental issues beyond cosmetics. Remember to see your dentist regularly for dental examinations and professional cleanings to keep your smile healthy and happy for a lifetime!



Orthodontic braces has always been a very popular dental service especially for children. The use of orthodontic braces can straighten our teeth, fix issues with the way our teeth fit together, and cosmetically enhance our smiles. Orthodontic braces are not just used for cosmetic reasons. Having straight teeth will improve dental hygiene and decrease chance of developing tooth decay or periodontal disease. Orthodontic braces can also help correct speech issues like a lisp.

Do I Need Orthodontic Braces?

The average age most children will see their dentist or orthodontist regarding orthodontic braces is right around age 7. In general, your family dentist will be able to evaluate when it is the appropriate time to see an orthodontist. If you see them every 6 months like expected orthodontic braces will not be a surprise. Orthodontic braces treatment is determined by the type of problems each patient presents with. Certain issues can be treated prior to all of the primary teeth coming out while others must wait until all the adult teeth are in. Obviously this is very common in adult orthodontic braces treatment.

Orthodontic Braces Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDSBelow you will find a list of the possible reasons many children need orthodontic braces. These include:

Early loss of primary teeth. Sometimes there will be a lag between loss of primary teeth and eruption of permanent teeth. This could be due to early tooth loss from tooth decay or genetics. Our primary teeth act as space savers and if they are not present the permanent teeth will find it harder or easier to erupt into the mouth.

Overcrowding of teeth or crooked teeth. This may seem like strictly a cosmetic issue but it is not. Overcrowding or crooked teeth will cause issues with dental hygiene issues as well as increased incidence of tooth decay and periodontal disease. Crowded teeth is the #1 issue addressed by orthodontic braces.

Too Much Space Between Teeth. Over crowding is not the only issue that can cause problems. Some patients may be missing a tooth due to genetic factors or thru loss or could have proportionally small teeth. Luckily, in most cases too much space generally makes orthodontic braces treatment a bit easier.

Jaw Development Issues. This can include a recessed lower jaw or a protruding lower jaw. Either of these are significant developmental issues that may need surgery to correct. You may experience popping or shifting of your jaws as well. This may be corrected with orthodontic braces.

Teeth Alignment Issues. This can include the molars not lining up properly which may result in you biting your inner cheeks often while chewing or it may be an overbite or underbite. An excessive overbite may cause your lower front teeth to cause trauma to the tissue on the roof of your mouth making chewing/eating extremely painful. All of these alignment issues will require orthodontic braces to correct the situation. This can also cause nutrition issues as you may have a difficult time chewing food which could lead to nutritional deficiencies.

Thumb Sucking History. A child who is a thumb sucker will likely have issues that need correcting via orthodontic braces. Generally, the upper teeth will flare out following the shape of the thumb.

Orthodontic Braces Evaluation

The American Dental Association statistics show most orthodontic braces treatment occurs between the ages of 8 and 14. Modern orthodontists have learned that sometimes treatment needs to occur in 2 phases. The first phase will make some adjustments while primary teeth are still in place setting up final phase treatment once all the permanent teeth have fully erupted. Orthodontics like dentistry is a very personalized treatment. Every patient will be different in approach and final treatment. It is recommended that most children be evaluated by age 7 to make orthodontic braces treatment easier and more efficient.

Orthodontic Braces Vs Invisalign

In today’s orthodontics, patients have choices. Gone are the days of bulky brackets and braces. Modern orthodontic braces come in many different colors as well as ones that match your teeth. Another advancement is invisalign orthodontic retainers. These clear retainers are made of a smooth, clear plastic. Another advantage to invisalign that they can be removed for dental hygiene as well as for eating (no dietary restrictions).

Do I Need Orthodontic Braces? Conclusion

Orthodontic braces are a wonderful tool for both function and cosmetics. Both kids and adults can enjoy straighter smiles for a lifetime. See your dentist today for an orthodontic braces evaluation.




Modern orthodontics have created a decision for many patients…..Invisalign vs braces! With advances in orthodontic materials and techniques we have moved forward to a more cosmetically pleasing way of creating a straighter smile. The decision of invisalign vs braces will be between you and your dentist or orthodontist. An informed, educated patient is the best kind. Below you will learn the pros and cons of each technology to make an informed decsion in invisalign vs braces.

Traditional orthodontic braces are made of metal and attach to the outer surfaces of your teeth. They can also be made of a ceramic material and placed behind the teeth (called lingual braces). Metal wires and rubber bands are attached to the brackets to slowly give directional forces to your teeth to correct orthodontic issues.

Invisalign treatment uses clear, plastic orthodontic aligners. These aligners are personalized for each patient by making a 3-dimensional scan of their mouth. Personalized aligners are then made to move the teeth in small graduated steps until the correct position is reached for a perfect smile.

Invisalign Vs Braces

Advantages Of Invisalign Vs Braces

Cosmetics. The greatest benefit especially for orthodontics for adults is that the invisalign aligners are clear and virtually invisible. Most people will not even notice you are undergoing orthodontic treatment. This is a huge plus in discussion of Invisalign vs braces.

Marielaina Perrone DDS Invisalign Vs Braces Henderson NVRemovable. Invisalign retainers should be worn about 20-22 hours per day this allows you time to take them out for eating. This allows you not to make any changes in the types of foods you eat. With traditional braces, this can be a real issue.

Improved Dental Hygiene. The ability to remove the clear invisalign aligners to brush, floss, and rinse your teeth is a huge plus in invisalign vs braces discussion.

Fewer and Quicker Orthodontist Visits. Again a real plus especially for adult orthodontics. There are no need for simple adjustments just changing retainers as teeth move. Also there is nothing to break.

Comfort. With a plastic retainer, you will still feel the occasional discomfort as teeth shift however, there will not be any metal to pinch your cheeks and gums. Another big advantge in argument of invisalign vs braces.

Disadvantages Of Invisalign Vs Braces

Increased Patient Responsibility. Since patients can remove the retainers at will, they need to be responsible and wear them for the required time for them to be effective. Your orthodontic results will not be as good or as timely if not worn as prescribed. Any deviation from this can add time to your orthodontic treatment. One the major failures of Invisalign is in fact patient compliance when it comes to wearing retainers as required by your orthodontist. The success or failure of Invisalign is up to the patient.

Inconvenience. Constantly removing retainers to eat can be a nuisance for some. Not to mention an increased risk of losing retainers is possible.

Increased Cost. For some patients invisalign alone cannot fix all smile alignment issues. There may be a need for a final phase that includes some form of traditional braces. This will be an added expense in money and time.

Effectiveness Of Invisalign. As mentioned above, invisalign treatment may not be able to tackle some more difficult smile alignment cases. Your dentist or orthodontist will be able to discuss these options with you prior to beginning treatment.

Advantages Of Traditional Braces Vs Invisalign

Ability To Handle All Patients. This is a proven technology that can work in any situation to handle multiple dental and facial issues. Traditional braces are the most powerful all around tool an orthodontist can use to move teeth into their final desired position.

Ability To Achieve A Better Final Result. Traditional orthodontic braces have the ability to achieve a better final result than Invisalign clear retainers. Braces can create more force to move teeth into the desired position. Invisalign is limited by force and how much movement can occur at a given time.

Options. As mentioned above, traditional braces offer attachments to the outside of teeth, to the inside of the teeth, as well as tooth colored ceramic brackets. The last two can make traditional braces more cosmetic than ever before.

Faster, More Efficient Treatment Time. Due to increased power and tweaking by your orthodontist, traditional braces tend to complete the job faster and more efficiently vs Invisalign, This is important for both kids and adults.

Disadvantages Of Traditional Braces Vs Invisalign

Cosmetics. Traditional braces have a tendency to make people feel self conscious about their smiles. A definite negative in the argument of invisalign vs braces.

Dental Hygiene. Maintaining good dental hygiene can extremely difficult with traditional braces. If you do not maintain good dental hygiene during orthodontic treatment you might end up developing tooth decay as well as periodntal disease. It is extremely important to be diligent with dental hygiene when undergoing orthodontic treatment.

Food Choices. You need to watch what you eat while undergoing traditional orthodontics with braces. Hard or sticky foods can cause damage to the brackets on your teeth or even the wires attached to the brackets. If brackets break they will delay treatment and prolong the overall treatment time for your new smile.

Regular Visits. Generally you will be on a schedule of 1x per month at minimum. This will be to check progress as well as to make changes to the movement of your teeth. For Invisalign patients it might be every other month.

Invisalign Vs Braces Conclusion

Making the choice of Invisalign Vs Braces should not be a difficult one. Examine the positives and the negatives and make the choice that is right for you and your smile. Invisalign vs braces should not be a difficult decision. Whichever way you choose you will enjoy your new smile for years to come. Invisalign vs braces the choice is yours!




Halloween is a fun time for kids and adults alike. However, it can wreak havoc on our dental health. We are exposed to candy and sweets for weeks on end. This can a bigger problem for those undergoing orthodontic braces treatment. Orthodontic braces treatment will generally limit certain foods to maintain the brackets and wires that are a part of orthodontic braces treatment. Some candies can be especially hard on the orthodontic hardware. These can lead to costly dental repairs. Below are some tips to help you and your family navigate the Halloween season.

Orthodontic Braces Tips For Halloween

Avoid Hard And Sticky Candies. When undergoing orthodontic braces treatment it is best to forego these types of candies as you will at increased risk for damage to orthodontic hardware. Some of the biggest offenders include bubble gum, gummy snacks, jelly beans, licorice, and popcorn.

Choose treats Wisely. Certain candies/treats are acceptable during orthodontic braces treatment. These items will likely cause less problems to orthodontic braces when consumed. These can include: chips, cheese puffs, yogurt raisins, plain m&m’s, Hershey chocolate bars, peppermint patties, and soft cookies. Avoid candy with nuts or caramel.

Eat Before You Indulge. When trick or treating on a full stomach you will be less likely to make poor choices and damage orthodontic braces.

Trade With Friends. Encourage kids (and Adults) to trade the candies they should not eat for candies that are better for them to eat. This again will limit the chance of breaking any of the orthodontic braces hardware.

Drink More Water. Drinking water will help neutralize the acids that will develop as the bacteria in the mouth feeds on the sugars introduced by Halloween candies.

Timing. Consume Halloween candy with meals or shortly after mealtime. Then brush and floss immediately afterwards.

-Sugar free lollipops and sugar free hard candies. Products containing sorbitol (or any other sugar alcohol) can actually help prevent cavities. The plaque bacteria can not grow properly with these sugar alcohols present. The sugar free candies also help you to produce more saliva which in turn helps neutralize sugar acids and decrease the chances of decay.

Brush And Floss. Make sure to brush and floss after indulging in Halloween candy. Allowing the sugars and sticky candies to stay on our teeth for hours on end can lead to increased tooth decay.

-Eat the candy only once per day. If you only partake in the sweet snacks once during the day after a meal you will decrease the length of time the harmful sugars are present. Snacking on small amounts of candy all day causes more decay than larger amounts once per day. You are more likely to clean all the debris off the teeth after a one time sitting you are if  you snack all day. The small doses of sugar stuck between the teeth from random snacking is much more detrimental.

Buy Backup Candy In Advance. Have backup candy on hand. If your kids get candy they cannot eat they wont be upset if you have candy alternates on hand for them.

See Your Dentist If Any Issues Arise. If any damage is noticed to orthodontic braces see your dentist or orthodontist immediately. Also maintain regular dental appointments to avoid long term tooth decay issues.

Orthodontic Braces At Halloween Conclusion

Halloween can and should be an enjoyable time free from worry and stress about dental health and orthodontic braces. Following the Halloween tips for orthodontic braces above can go along way towards that goal. Remember to maintain good dental habits and dental visits for a happy, healthy smile for life.