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The effects of poor dental hygiene can range from tooth decay to periodontal disease, and loss of teeth. Luckily, maintaining a good dental hygiene regimen, including regular professional teeth cleaning and dental examinations can prevent most of these problems.

If you choose not to maintain good dental habits (including brushing and flossing), you are putting yourself at increased risk for tooth decay. Earliest signs of tooth decay may include pain when you bite and feelings of sensitivity or pain in your teeth.

Cleaning teeth on a regular basis also helps prevent progression of periodontal disease from gingivitis(earliest form) to advanced periodontitis.

If you do develop tooth decay and/or periodontal disease as a result of your poor dental hygiene, you may be amass extensive bills for anything from simple fillings or crowns to more costly and complicated procedures such as root canals or oral surgery.

Is Dental Treatment Expensive?

Dental treatment costs can vary based on how much work is needed to fix your individual issues. The cost of routine visits for professional cleanings and dental examinations is low. Consider it insurance against major issues arising.

Recommended Dental Care Routine

Keep your teeth clean and cavity-free by following a regular dental care routine of tooth brushing 2x/day and at least flossing once a day. And visit your dental professional every 6 months for a professional cleaning and thorough examination to catch any problems before they become serious. Your dentist or dental hygienist might also recommend a particular type of toothbrush, dental floss or oral rinse based on your individual needs to help you get the most out of your daily dental care regimen.

Lifestyle Choices

Diet (Nutrition)

maintaining a proper and nutritious balanced diet not only helps keep your overall body healthy, but your mouth as well. Nutrition plays an important role in the health and cleanliness of your teeth, gums and mouth.

-Moderate Soda, Coffee and Alcohol

-Drink Tap Water When Possible

For many bottled water is the main source of drinking water, you could be missing the benefits of fluoride in your water.

-Monitor Your Low Carbohydrate Diet

Low carbohydrate diets can cause bad breath. A balanced, dental-healthy diet can help reduce tooth decay as well as keep our breath fresh.

-Increase Your Calcium Intake

After age 20, both men and women lose more bone mass than they form so it is important to restore lost calcium with a daily supplement and by eating fruits and vegetables high in calcium, such as dark leafy greens. These foods will also help to lower the acid buildup in the saliva that can lead to breakdown of tooth enamel.

-Daily Dose of Vitamins C and D

Vitamin C and D help support the absorption of healthy mouth minerals such as calcium and phosphorous, which support the bone and gum tissue, keeping it healthy. This is a fairly easy way to maintain dental hygiene and fight periodontal disease.

-Remove Tobacco

In addition to staining teeth, smoking interrupts calcium absorption in the body and can also cause potentially disease such as oral cancer. Stop smoking and enjoy the health benefits as well as a healthy, beautiful smile.

Conclusion

Maintaining a healthy smile does not have to be hard. It is all about routines and regular maintenance. As soon as an issue arises see your dentist for a thorough examination to avoid further issues down the road.




Teeth whitening has become quite popular over the last 2 decades. From over the counter whitening toothpastes to teeth whitening strips to professional teeth whitening. People are in pursuit of that perfectly white smile. Teeth whitening is a positive thing if it makes you feel good about yourself.

Marielaina Perrone DDS Teeth Whitening

Methods Of Teeth Whitening

There are multiple ways to achieve the same goal…..whiter teeth. Some methods can be done at home by yourself and others will need the supervision of a dental professional.

Teeth Whitening Toothpastes. This method is probably the cheapest and easiest to use but also will give limited results. Many premium toothpastes now include teeth whitening ingredients to help you achieve a whiter, brighter smile. Unfortunately, teeth whitening tooth pastes have their negatives. The results are extremely variable from individual to individual. If your smile has extensive staining and discoloration, these toothpastes may not work as well as for someone who has very light discoloration and tooth staining. However we are brushing anyway, so why not give it a try and see what the results may bring for your individual smile.

Teeth Whitening Strips. This method has an increased cost over the teeth whitening toothpastes and can give very good results. You can buy a box of teeth whitening strips at your local pharmacy.The active teeth whitening ingredients in the strips are generally the same as dentists use in their professional teeth whitening products but the concentration of the teeth whitening ingredients in the store bought products will come in at a much lower level. The drawback to the lower concentration of whitening ingredients is that they may not get your teeth to whiten as much as you would like. The other drawback is the application of the teeth whitening strips. The whitening strips must be placed across all the teeth evenly, and cannot be directly applied to one that is stained more. The fit is sometimes not the greatest, and they have the possibility to irritate periodontal tissues.

Teeth Whitening With Custom Trays. This procedure is completed in a dental office. The custom trays fit your mouth comfortably and allow for an even distribution of the teeth whitening gel across all teeth or can only applied to specific teeth or even a single tooth. The trays can be worn day or night (even overnight) over a period of one to 4 weeks, and are very convenient for people with active schedules on the go. The other advantage is that this type of teeth whitening is that your dentist will use a stronger whitening agent. The main disadvantages to this type of teeth whitening versus the at home techniques is that the cost is higher, and sensitivity may be greater, but the results are usually far better.

Teeth Whitening Performed In Dental Office. This is by far the highest cost, fastest, and generally most effective Teeth Whitening option available. This teeth whitening procedure is performed by your dentist using a special dental light and teeth whitening gel. This type of teeth whitening can deliver fantastic results in as little as 1/2 hour to one full hour. This teeth whitening technique utilizes a highly concentrated whitening agent accelerated by heat and light  to speed up the teeth whitening process. The disadvantage is the higher cost of  Teeth Whitening.

Teeth Whitening Conclusion

As written above there are many choices available for teeth whitening whether at home or in your dentist’s office. Discuss the various options for teeth whitening with your dentist to see what would be the best for your individual smile. Teeth whitening has seen a rapid growth. Talk to your dentist at your next visit to see what options are right for you.



Receding gum tissue can be an issue especially as we get older. Normal healthy gum tissue will follow snugly against the conforms of our teeth. Gum recession occurs when the gum tissue recedes or pulls away from teeth exposing the root below. This creates an esthetic issue as well as a functional one. The roots of our teeth do not have a protective layer of enamel. This can make your teeth sensitive to hot and cold as well as increase your risk of tooth decay. Once recession occurs, this tissue cannot grow back to its original state. There are treatments to restore lost gum tissue and bring your smile back to its original healthy state.

What Causes Gum Tissue To Recede?

Several factors can cause our gum tissue to recede including:

Periodontal Disease (ranges from ginigivitis to advanced periodontitis) – Periodontal disease (also called gum disease), refers infections of the structures around the teeth, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. In the earliest stage of periodontal disease — gingivitis — the infection affects the gums. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the tissues are involved. This inflammation occurs due to an accumulation of bacterial deposits called plaque.

Contributing factors of periodontal disease include:

-poor oral hygiene maintenance

-misaligned or crooked teeth

-damaged or faulty fillings

-bridges or partial dentures that no longer fit

-genetics

-hormonal changes due to pregnancy or oral contraceptives

-medications that cause dry mouth (xerostomia)

-certain immune disorders

-stress

-tobacco use

Periodontal Disease Stages

-Gingivitis causes gum redness, swelling, and sometimes bleeding. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis.

Periodontitis is the advanced stage of periodontal disease and can cause the gums to recede. As the gum and connective tissues pull away from the tooth, a pocket forms between the tooth and gum, which begins to accumulate bacteria. Over time, the bacteria cause further damage and inflammation. If the gums recede too much, it may lead to bone loss, which can cause teeth to loosen or fall out over time.

Is Incorrect Brushing The Cause?

Maintaining a regular brushing and flossing regimen is essential for maintaining good oral hygiene. However, using an incorrect brushing technique could actually contribute to receding gums. The part of the gum that comes into contact with the crown of the tooth is called the gingival margin. Brushing incorrectly or too hard can damage the gingival margin, possibly triggering gum inflammation and recession.

Incorrect brushing techniques can include:

-brushing too forcefully

-using a hard or medium bristled toothbrush

-brushing the teeth in a broad, horizontal motion

Teeth grinding and clenching

Some people grind their teeth together while sleeping. This motion of teeth grinding puts intense pressure on the gums, which can cause them to react by receding over time. Teeth grinding can also cause teeth to become loose in their sockets. Grinding creates deep pockets between the tooth and the gum, where bacteria can collect. These bacteria trigger gum inflammation, which can then worsen gum recession.

Injury

Sustaining direct trauma to the gum tissue may cause the gums to recede in that area. These injuries could include:

-during a fall or other accident

-during dental procedures

-while wearing ill fitting partial dentures

-trauma while playing contact sports

Treatments For Receding Gums

Scaling and root planing

Scaling and root planing is one of the first treatments for receding gums that a dentist will recommend. This procedure will remove plaque and tartar from below the gumline, where routine brushing cannot reach. Root planing removes plaque and tartar specifically from the roots of teeth. Following removal of plaque and tartar your dentist or hygienist will use special instruments to smooth the roots, which helps the gums re-attach to the tooth.

Gum Tissue Grafting

Your dentist may recommend gum graft surgery if your gums have severely receded to the point where surgical intervention is needed. During gum grafting, a surgeon will take a small piece of gum tissue from a different area in the mouth and transplant it to cover the exposed tooth roots. This gum tissue grafting helps prevent bone loss and the gums from receding farther. It can also protect the previously exposed tooth roots from decay and tooth sensitivity

Pinhole Surgical Technique

Pinhole surgical technique is a fairly new treatment for mild to moderate receding gums. Pinhole Surgical Technique is a minimally invasive procedure that requires no incisions and no suturing. It is a quick and effective treatment for gum recession that is virtually pain-free and requires only a very short recovery time. Patients can resume normal activities the same day as their procedure.

Prevention Of Gum Tissue Recession

-Practice good oral hygiene

The following oral hygiene tips can help avoid receding gum tissue:

-flossing between the teeth at least once per day preferably after each meal

-fluoride toothpaste

-brushing your teeth 2x/day using a soft bristled toothbrush

-using an antiseptic mouthwash to reduce bacteria and flush out debris

-choosing a size and shape of toothbrush that allows access to all parts of the mouth

-replacing toothbrushes at least every 2–4 months or as recommended by your dentist

-maintaining a regular schedule of dental appointments

-Wear A Mouthguard

Wearing a mouthguard at night can help prevent gum recession due to teeth grinding. Mouthguards create an even pressure across the jaw and act as a physical barrier to separate the top and bottom teeth. Mouthguards can be bought at your local pharmacy. A dentist can also make a customized mouthguard, which will provide a better fit and be much more comfortable and long lasting

-Replace Dentures That Do Not Fit

Partial dentures that once fit well can become incompatible with the mouth over time. This can happen for several reasons, including:

-the bone and gum ridges shrinking over time

-differences or changes in jaw alignment

-overall wear and tear of the partial dentures over time

Ill fitting partial dentures can rub and irritate the gums, causing the gums to recede around healthy teeth. People can prevent this by replacing partial dentures as needed. If you are concerned have your dentist evaluate your partial dentures at your next visit.

-Maintain Regular Dental Visits

Attending regular dental checkups is vital for detecting the early stages of gum recession. Routine examinations also allow your dentist to identify and replace any failing restorations or ill fitting partial dentures, which can contribute to receding gums.

Gum Recession Conclusion

Unfortunately once the gum tissues have receded, they cannot grow back on their own. With Advancements on treatment your dentist can reattach and restore gum tissue around the teeth. Remember to maintain a good oral hygiene program at home and seeing your dentist regularly can help prevent, slow, or stop gum recession. If you notice changes in your smile speak to your dentist to see what options are right for you.



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