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What Is Botox Cosmetic? Botox cosmetic is a neurotoxin derived from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. If this toxin sounds familiar you may have heard that it can also cause a serious type of food poisoning called botulism. In medicine with controlled dosing, botox acts by weakening or paralyzing s specific muscle or muscles. They can also block the pathway of certain nerves. Botox is a powerful poison however when used correctly and under right dosage, it has a number of medical applications.

What Is Botox Cosmetic? Medical Uses

Botox cosmetic is used in small doses in the medical community for the following conditions:

-In plastic surgery to temporary smooth facial wrinkles. Important to note wrinkles caused by sun damage and gravity will not respond to Botox.

-Control overactive underarm sweating.

-Control cervical dystonia. Cervical dystonia is a neurological disorder which can cause severe shoulder and neck contractions.

-Uncontrolled blining of eyes (bleparospasm).

-Overactive bladder.

-Misaligned eyes. Also called a Strabismus.

-Chronic migraine headaches.

Injected Botox prevents the release of acetylcholine (necessary for contraction of muscles). Botox causes a reduction in abnormal muscle contraction, allowing the muscles to become less rigid.

What Is Botox Cosmetic? Procedure

Botox cosmetic is administered using very fine gauge needles directly into the specific neuromuscular tissues necessary. The administration of botox cosmetic generally takes just a few minutes and should not require any local anesthesia. The results are generally noticed about 3-7 days following botox cosmetic treatment.

Botox cosmetic should not be administered to pregnant or lactating women, or by people who have had a previous allergic reaction to Botox cosmetic.

What Is Botox Cosmetic? Dentistry

Your dentist can use botox cosmetic for the following issues:

-Ability to smooth and soften crow’s feet, forehead furrows, frown lines, lip lines and bunny lines.

-Reduce neck bands.

-Reduce pain from headache due to tension in muscles in the head, face, and neck.

-Following Orthodontic Treatment completion. – In some patients teeth will relapse and this may be caused by genetic placement of that individual’s musculature. For many patients an over active mentalis muscle is often the cause of relapse of the teeth and may cause spasm of the muscles. Botox cosmetic gives your cosmetic dentist the ability to reduce or remove these spasms and contractions allowing for only a limited relapse following completion of orthodontic treatment.

-Improve the appearance of skin dimpling of the chin.

-Reduce pain from headaches due to occlusal (bite) issues.

-Bruxism reduction.

-Lift the corners of the mouth.

-Soften a jawline that is square.

-Correct a gummy smile due to over retracted upper lips.

What Is Botox Cosmetic? Training

A dentist is the perfect practitioner for delivery of botox cosmetic in the head and neck region. A dentist’s training in this area exceeds most medical practitioners but not all. A well trained dentist will give you similar if not better results than a medical doctor due to advanced training. Dentists are also the known specialists in the oral and maxillofacial areas. Dentists are much more knowledgeable than most other medical practitioners in the muscles of mastication and the muscles of facial expression which recieve the botox cosmetic the most. When selecting a dentist for botox cosmetic and look for one that has the proper Botox cosmetic certification and insurance. Botox certification should inlcude at minimum 16 hours of live hands on patient training.

What Is Botox Cosmetic? Before And After

What Is Botox Cosmetic Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDS

What Is Botox Cosmetic Marielaina Perrone DDS



Botox

Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxic protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum and related species. It prevents the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from axon endings at the neuromuscular junction and thus causes flaccid paralysis. Infection with the bacterium causes the disease botulism.

Living with long-lasting facial pain can be very hard for the sufferers and their loved ones. Often, (identification of a disease or problem, or its cause) and treatment of long-lasting pain can be hard to diagnose.

The source of the pain may be related to infection, nerve, or muscle tissue.  muscle. Botox may be the answer for many muscular issues.

What Can Botox Do?

Botox (BoNT-A) is injected directly into a specific muscle group. Once botox enters the muscle it prevents the muscle from recieving nerve commands. Without this command the muscles will not contract thus leaving them paralyzed temporarily. The most popular use of Botox is to relax facial muscles, removing wrinkles to give a more youthful appearance. Botox can be used throughout the facial muscles to paralyze the painful, spasming muscles related to grinding, clenching, headaches, etc. This paralysis can give much needed pain relief from overactive muscles for as long as 3 months at a time.

Botox Marielaina Perrone DDS

What Types Of Dental Pain Can Botox Treat?

Temperomandibular Joint (TMJ) Pain. The temperomandibular joint is susceptible to disorders, as it consists of delicate moving parts. When any of these moving parts are not in proper alignment pain can be the result. The major reason for damage is due to chronic bruxism (teeth grinding) or teeth clenching. With Botox use in the TMJ area, the muscles of the jaw are allowed to relax and prevent it from contracting, decreasing the grinding or clenching, and in turn decreasing pain.

Myofacial Pain Syndrome. This is considered a chronic pain disorder. This syndrome occurs when pressure is placed on sensitive points in your muscles. These are called trigger points. When this “trigger point” pressure occurs, the pain can does not always occur at the source, but may begin at a different location from the source of the pressure. This is called referred pain and may be very difficult to accurately diagnose. Myofacial pain syndrome typically occurs after a muscle has been contracted repetitively. This can be caused by repetitive motions used in jobs or hobbies or by stress. Myofacial pain can stem from problems with your TMJ / jaw muscles, or forehead muscles. Myofacial pain can be sudden and debilitating.

Arthritis. Early studies have shown that Botox injections appear to reduce arthritis pain in the shoulder, knee and hip. These results are promising, and may be helpful in patients with arthritis along with TMJ pain, but further research is needed. A new study shows that Botox injections may significantly reduce chronic neck pain when used in combination with physical therapy.

Conclusion

When it comes to chronic pain it is difficult to predict how each patient will respond. It is important to note that an infection should always be ruled out, and diagnosis by your exceptional dentist or medical doctor should be conclusive before trying  Botox treatment. Botox may just be the answer to many to relieve them of their chronic pain in the short term. While still being studied, it could be a key component in relieving the symptoms of those suffering from chronic pain.




Cosmetic surgery is an extremely popular specialty of medicine that has been growing quite rapidly for decades. Youth is associated with vitality and beauty. For many of us, aging is not an easy thing to do and we seek out help to keep us looking and feeling younger and more vibrant. When seeking out cosmetic surgery, many often overlook the role our teeth play in our appearance. As we age, our teeth become darker, get worn down, and may even change alignment. This can create not only cosmetic issues but functional ones as well. These functional issues can lead to Temperomandibular Joint (TMJ) issues, headaches, and muscle pain.

How Can My Dentist Make Me Look Younger?

As our teeth wear over time, it can result in a shorter looking face, longer looking teeth, and darker teeth. The resulting appearance may make some of appear to age prematurely. The breakdown can be caused by tooth erosion (high acid wear), attrition (flattening and fracturing due to grinding and oral habits), and abrasion (overly aggresive brushing), recession (loss of gum tissue making teeth appear longer) . The length and shape of our faces and teeth, as well as the position of the jaw are determined by the teeth, skeletal bones, and a person’s bite. So, when a person’s teeth wear down it will give the appearance of a shorter face. Pain and discomfort are often associated with wearing down of teeth and gums, as they become more sensitive, prone to increased fractures, and to development of TMJ and headache pain.

Your dentist can give you the ability to change all of this, allowing the patient to look more youthful while correcting dental issues.  The patients oral hygiene must be good and the mouth should be in a healthy state before any work can be completed.  This should include control of periodontal disease, removal of any loose teeth, addressing gum loss issues, ascertaining desired whiteness, and correcting dangerous oral habits, .  Great care must be taken while returning someone to their proper tooth height (vertical dimension) as it can create even more TMJ and headache issues if not done properly.

Some of the procedures involved in making you look younger include:

Porcelain Crowns. These crowns will give the cosmetic appearance most patients are seeking but also give the strength and stability to open one’s bite .  One type of strong porcelain which is used where teeth grinding has been a problem is a Bruxzir crown. When placed properly, a patient will begin to see an immediate improvement in their bite and in the cosmetic appearance in the skin around the face as wrinkles will lessen.

Porcelain Veneers. A staple of cosmetic dentistry but used in conjunction with porcelain crowns to lengthen and restore the length of front teeth. Porcelain veneers are less invasive and more conservative than porcelain crowns. For teeth that do not require a full coverage crown, porcelain veneers can adequately lengthen and reshape, and change the color of your smile.

Orthodontics. Limited or full orthodontics may be necessary to remove any bite issues that can cause undue stress or trauma to the teeth before new restorations are placed.

Dental Bonding. Used to restore any teeth that have been damaged by tooth decay, staining or slight wear. Dental bonding is a cosmetically pleasing option that will look very natural when completed.

Crown Lengthening. A surgical process to expose more tooth structure so that there is enough room to properly place a crown. This is often necessary in severe grinding cases.

Gum and Bone Grafting and Recontouring. Lost bone and gum tissue can often times be grafted to help regrow them. They can also be reshaped surgically to be healthier, easier to work with, and more cosmetically appealing.

Teeth Whitening. Many of our worn teeth are also dark and discolored. The color you desire to reach may require a dental whitening process, or simply a whiter color bonding restoration or a whiter colored porcelain restoration.

Conclusion

Cosmetic dentistry will change not only how your teeth function but how you feel about yourself. Many dentists often overlook the relationship between our teeth and our bite. If the bite is not in alignment, your teeth and face will never look and feel their best.



Dental health has been shown to be directly related to a person’s general overall health.  Your mouth is connected to the rest of your body so it makes sense that what happens in the mouth (teeth and gums) can have a profound impact on the rest of your body.  Scientific research also shows the reverse, the breakdown and disease processes of the body can directly affect your dental health.

1.  Stress

Oral Symptoms: Headaches with flat, worn down teeth.

Stress is one those things that people underestimate. It takes a tremendous toll on the body and mind. Teeth grinding and clenching during sleep is a classic sign of emotional or psychological stress factors. People who grind or clench their teeth tend to be quite surprised to find out they are doing it. After all, this activity generally occurs in their sleep, when they’re not aware of it, unless a partner hears the noise and tells them.

Patients can sometimes see the flatness of their own teeth, or even feel it with their tongue. They may notice their jaw feeling sore and achy upon waking. Headaches, which are caused by spasms in the muscles during and after clenching or grinding. Often the pain can radiate from the the teeth and TMJ and head down to the neck and upper back. Night guards can relieve the symptoms and protect the teeth from the harmful effects of grinding and clenching.

2. Diabetes or Sjogren’s Syndrome

Oral Symptoms: Dry Mouth or Xerostomia

Dry mouth can be casued by a variety of things. These can include dehydration and taking a new medication.Hundreds of drugs list dry mouth as a side effect. These include medications commonly prescribed such as muscle relaxants, antianxiety medications, and antihistamines. A lack of saliva in the mouth can also be an early warning sign of two different autoimmune diseases. These diseases are Diabetes and Sjogren’s sundrome.

Sjogrens syndrome is largely unknown. It is when the white blood cells of the body attack the salivary glands. This affects many, approximately 4 million Americans suffer with Sjogrens. It is much more prevalent in women, 90% of those diagnosed are female. In Sjogren’s, the eyes are dry as well as the mouth, but the entire body is affected by the disorder. Sjogren’s symptoms often appear like other diseases and often goes misdiagnosed or undiagnosed.

Diabetes affects about 24 million people in the United States alone. It affects both men and women. It is a metabolic disorder caused by the bodies inability to process blood sugars properly. Other symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, dry mouth, tingling in the hands and feet, frequent need to urinate, blurry vision, and loss of weight.

3. Lichen planus

Oral Symptoms: White webbing inside cheeks.

Many people would never imagine they can discover a skin disease through an oral examination but you can. Lichen planus is a mild disorder that affects both men and women in the age range of 30-70. The cause is unknown. It affects the mucus membranes in the mouth.

Oral lichen planus  appears as a whitish, lacy pattern on the insides of the cheeks. About 70% appear in the oral cavity before they show up in other parts of the body.

The vagina is another common area where lichen planus can also appear. Lichen planus often goes away on its own, but sometimes further treatment is needed.

4. Oral Cancer

Oral Symptoms: Sores that just will not go away in mouth.

Marielaina Perrone DDS VelscopeMany people bite the insides of their mouth as a nervous habit. Sometimes people bite their cheek accidentally, creating a wound or sore. But when an open sore in the mouth does not go away on its own within a week or two, it needs to be shown to a dentist or doctor.

More than 20,000 men and 10,000 women a year are diagnosed with oral cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute. Most are over the age of 60. Oral cancer has a survival rate of only about 35 percent. This is mainly due to late detection. Smokers are six times more likely to develop oral cancer, but one in four oral cancers develop in non-smokers.

Suspicious oral sores or ulcers tend to be raised sores and often have red or white borders. They may hide under the tongue, where they’re hard to see. Bleeding and numbness are other signs, but sometimes the only sign is a sore that doesn’t seem to go away. A biopsy usually follows a visual check. At each dental visit you can increase your chances for early detection by seeing a dentist that uses a Velscope oral cancer screening system. This tool is effective in detecting precancerous changes in the mouth. Earlier detection means better chance for survival and cure.

5.  Aspiration pneumonia

Oral Symptoms: Crusting Dentures

Connecting pneumonia and dentures may seem like a real stretch but they have a deadly connection. A leading cause of senior deaths is from aspiration pneumonia. This is caused by inhaling debris from around teeth and dentures.

In aspiration pneumonia, foreign material is breathed into the lungs and airway, causing dangerous inflammation. This often occurs in those who fail to clean their dentures properly. Dentures need to be removed every day from the mouth. They should be properly cleaned daily with a brush and stored in a cleansing solution.

6. Angular chelitis and Candidiasis

Oral Symptoms: Mouth Irritation

Itching, burning, chronic irritation found at the corners of the mouth and inside the mouth and throat. The irritation in the mouth tends to be bright red with or without a white, creamy, layer. The corners of the mouth tend to crack and bleed easily. Both of these are caused by the same culprit, yeast. Chronic yeast infections tend to be a sign of immune system issues, extremely dry mouth, and/or  a collapsed bite.

Conclusion

The above six issues are just a sampling of the many symptoms that can be seen in the mouth. While you care for your dental health, you should be doing a routine thorough self examination for changes. You should know what the normal appearance of your mouth is, so that when something changes, you can have it checked early. Know your body, and find an experienced dentist who you feel comfortable with, so that all of your questions can be answered satisfactorily. Regular dental visits are usually key to early diagnosis for any of the diseases listed in this article..