There is a common belief that periodontal disease is purely genetic, with many assuming that if their parents or grandparents had dentures, they would inevitably lose their teeth. While genetics does play a role, it is not a definitive predictor of dental health. Rather, the progression of periodontal disease is influenced by various risks and limitations. The good news is that every patient has the power to mitigate these risks and prevent full-blown periodontal disease. This requires a solid oral hygiene routine, awareness of one’s current dental condition, and regular professional cleaning to maintain a healthy, disease-free mouth. So, the answer is a resounding YES!
Periodontal Disease Risk Factors
Poor Dental Hygiene
Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial in preventing periodontal disease. Neglecting to brush, floss, rinse, and skipping regular dental checkups are some of the common causes of this disease. By taking these essential steps, individuals can avoid the progression of the disease beyond gingivitis and keep their periodontal health in check.
As people age, their risk of developing periodontal disease increases. According to research, individuals over the age of 65 have the highest rates of periodontitis, with over 70% of Americans in this age group being affected by the disease.
The usage of tobacco is linked with various severe ailments, including heart disease, cancer, and lung disease, among other health issues. Additionally, tobacco users are at a greater risk of acquiring periodontal disease. Several research studies have demonstrated that tobacco use can be a primary risk factor responsible for the onset and advancement of periodontal disease.
A poor diet lacks the essential nutrients required for tissue healing and repair.
Local anatomic risk factors can increase the risk of developing periodontal disease. These include the spaces between roots of molars, called furcation anatomy, which can limit access for proper hygiene maintenance. Common anatomic deformities such as cervical enamel projections (CEP) and palato-gingival grooves (PGG) can interfere with effective plaque biofilm removal, leading to increased inflammation and probing depth. Open contacts between teeth and loss of interdental papilla also provide areas for food impaction, which can contribute to the risk of periodontal disease.
Certain medications, including oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and specific heart medications, can impact your oral health by inducing dry mouth, inflaming your gums, or causing overgrowth of gum tissue. It is important to inform Dr. Perrone of any medication you are taking to customize a suitable treatment plan for your individual needs.
Presence Of Other Diseases
Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis are among the systemic conditions that can impact the inflammatory process, leading to healing difficulties and potentially increase gum disease.
Periodontal Disease Conclusion
Fortunately, except for our innate anatomy, all of the risk factors for periodontal disease can be overcome. The initial step is to adopt good oral hygiene habits such as brushing, flossing, and using an antibacterial mouthwash. The second step is to select a well-qualified dentist, like Dr. Perrone, and maintain a regular schedule to enhance your chances of preventing, treating, and controlling periodontal disease.
Looking to transform your smile? Schedule a complimentary cosmetic consultation with Marielaina Perrone DDS today by calling (702) 458-2929. Our team is dedicated to helping you achieve the smile of your dreams in Summerlin, Henderson, and Las Vegas, NV. Contact us now!
Marielaina Perrone, DDS, is a highly experienced and dedicated dental professional passionate about delivering exceptional patient care. With over 20 years of experience in the dental industry, Dr. Perrone is widely regarded as a leading authority in her field, with a reputation for providing innovative solutions and personalized care to her patients.