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Baby Bottle Tooth Decay (formerly nursing caries) - is a dental condition that occurs in children between 12 months and 3 years of age as a result of being given a

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Marielaina Perrone DDS

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Can Be Prevented

bottle at bedtime, or at will breast feeding, resulting in prolonged exposure of the teeth to milk or juice. Caries are formed because pools of milk or juice in the mouth break down to lactic acid and other decay-causing substances. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay preventive measures include elimination of the bedtime feeding or substitution of water for milk or juice in the nighttime bottle, scheduled nursing, wiping out the mouth with a wash cloth, and following feedings with water.

We all want what is best for our children and that includes making them happy. Parents hate to see their baby cry for any reason especially at bedtime. But did you know feeding a child at bedtime or even through the night can create dental havoc for them?

Even though baby teeth are temporary in nature, your children’s baby teeth are important for many years, and are still susceptible to tooth decay. Tooth decay in infants and toddlers is often referred to as Baby Bottle Tooth Decay, or Early Childhood Caries. Children need strong, healthy teeth to chew their food, speak and for a cosmetically pleasing smile. Their first teeth also help make sure their adult teeth come in correctly. It’s important to start infants off with good oral care to help protect their future teeth for decades to come.

What Happens In Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay usually affects the upper front teeth, but other teeth can also be affected. There are a variety of reasons which can cause baby bottle tooth decay. One common cause is the frequent, continuous exposure of the baby’s teeth to drinks that contain sugar. Milk contains natural sugar, called lactose, but even though it is natural it is still sugar, so staying in the mouth without cleanup will form acid which leads to decay . Baby bottle tooth decay can occur when the baby is put to bed with a bottle, or when a bottle is used as a pacifier for a fussy baby. While milk contains some natural sugar, juice is primarily sugar. A baby requires milk, while juice is completely unnecessary. Most sugary drinks that parents give their children, are things that they think will taste good, but not what a baby needs. Milk and water to drink and fruit to eat, is the best way to incorporate the healthy attributes of nutrition without making our children prone to sugar causing tooth decay.

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Marielaina Perrone DDS

Prevent Baby Bottle Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is a disease that can begin with cavity-causing bacteria being passed from the mother (or primary caregiver) to the infant. These bacteria are passed through the saliva. When the mother puts the baby’s feeding spoon in her mouth, or cleans a pacifier in her mouth, the bacteria can be passed to the baby. However, this only puts a child at higher risk, proper hygiene and nutrition will negate those effects. The earlier you start with sugar, the more addicted to sweets your child will be. They can not make the right choices yet, you have to do it for them.

If your infant or toddler does not receive an adequate amount of fluoride in their water, they may also have an increased risk for tooth decay in their developing teeth. The good news is that tooth decay is preventable with proper oral hygiene practices.

Tips to Avoid Baby Bottle Tooth Decay

-Do not share feeding spoons with baby or lick their pacifier. After each feeding for your infant, exercise good oral hygiene by wiping your child’s gums with a clean, damp gauze pad or even a washcloth, or give them some water to drink..

-Schedule visit to dentist by age 1. This can be a purely educational visit as you learn what needs to be done to protect their teeth as they come in, and make it fun.

-When your child’s teeth come in, brush them gently with a child-size toothbrush and water or a childrens’ toothpaste without fluoride. Talk to your child’s dentist or physician if you are considering using fluoride toothpaste before age 2. Generally, fluoride is not recommended until a child will swish and spit, and not swallow the toothpaste.

-Brush the teeth with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste from the ages of 2 to 6. Most kids are not able to properly brush on their own. Parents need to brush for them, and then let them try at the end. Young children will try, but do not do a thorough job.

-Supervise brushing until your child can be counted on to spit and not swallow toothpaste. By about age 7 ,most kids are able to brush properly on their own.Pediatric Dentistry Marielaina Perrone DDS

-Place only formula, milk or breast milk in bottles. Avoid filling the bottle with liquids such as sugar water, juice or soft drinks.

-Infants should finish their bedtime and nap time bottles before going to bed.

-If your child uses a pacifier, provide one that is clean. DO NOT dip it in sugar or honey.

-Encourage your child to drink from a cup by their first birthday.

-Encourage healthy eating habits.

Conclusion To Baby Bottle Tooth Decay

It is important to get children started on a path to good health. This includes practicing good dental hygiene. Schedule a dental visit for your child by age 1 or when the first tooth appears. For most this first dental visit is a well check and more about education than treatment. Oral care, when started early, will be a fun time for the two of you for years to come. You are the role model, so be encouraging, and they will develop your good habits.

 

Women have known for years that different changes to their hair, makeup, or clothes can give them a whole new look. Makeup has been used for centuries by women trying to highlight

and define their individual facial features. While these techniques have long been known….Did you know that changing your teeth can give you similar results?

Some of us are born with teeth that complemnts our facial features. But not all of us are so lucky.

A bright, white, beautiful smile creates a first impression that poeple are sure to take note of. Without a spoken word, your smile can give off a confident, optimistic and friendly personality. An esthetically pleasing smile is an attractive quality that brings people to you, making them respond in a positive way towards you.

Physical characteristics aside, a winning smile can also have a major mental and emotional influence on you. People who are self conscious about their smiles tend to appear timid, hesitant, withdrawn or even angry. You may not feel as attractive as you can be.

Modern advances in cosmetic dentistry has allowed a growing number of people to benefit from smile makeoversCosmetic dentistry smile makeovers are capable of transforming a person’s smile to produce dramatic life changing results. A cosmetic dentist will examine your smile and make notes of the changes that need to be made.

Cosmetic Dentistry - smile makeover

Cosmetic Dentistry – smile makeover

Smile Design Principles or Smile Design for Cosmetic Dentistry

A smile design influences the overall cosmetic impact of an person’s smile. Smile design can be divided into four separate components:

-Facial Esthetics. A person’s facial esthetics varies greatly from patient to patient. A cosmetic dentist can evaluate this using a visual examination and the use of photography. Facial Esthetics will include not only the teeth but also the bone structure of the face and the musculature. It will also inlcude the way your lips frame your smile when you speak, smile, or laugh.

-Gingival (Gum) Tissue Esthetics. A smile with diseased gum tissue will never bo one that is considered attractive. Healthy gum tissue is an essential element in smile design. Common cosmetic dentistry complaints include a gummy smile, uneven gum tissue, and exposed root surfaces from recession. All of these things take away from a person’s smile appeal.

-Microesthetics. This component deals with the subtle attributes that make your teeth appear the way they do. This includes how they reflect light, any unique marks or colorations. This technique is applied when restoring a tooth from decay. Cosmetic dentistry will restore the tooth to give it qualities closely resembling the natural tooth. The anatomy and coloration of natural teeth is a unique quality that varies from patient to patient.

-Macroesthetics. This area allows the cosmetic dentist to analyze the relationship and proportions between a patient’s front teeth, surrounding tissues, and facial characteristics. Analyzing these characteristic will ensure the final result will be natural and attractive for the patient. Working together, your cosmetic dentist and dental laboratory technician combine their technical and artistic abilities to create a natural and esthetically pleasing appearance in which the shapes, sizes and arrangement of individual teeth blend with and complement your particular features.

Anatomy of a Smile in Cosmetic Dentistry

The following are the important anatomical structures or landmarks used in cosmetic dentistry:

-Lips. In cosmetic dentistry the lips are usually compared to a picture frame. The lips frame your smile, teeth, and gums. Lip enhancements correcting shape, fullness, and symmetry of your lips can make your smile seem broader and fuller.

For optimal cosmetic effect, your facial features should line up to your teeth and lip lines. When your lips form a broad smile, an imaginary line can be drawn through the corners of the mouth, from one side to the other. The amount of upper front (maxillary anterior) tooth revealed below this line helps create a vibrant, youthful image. In a youthful smile, the upper front teeth should fill between75-100% of the space between your upper and lower lips in a full smile.

-Midline. The facial midline is an important landmark in cosmetic dentistry. It is an imaginary vertical line drawn between the front two upper teeth. For optimum esthetics the facial midline should line up with the middle of the face.

Sometimes facial features can throw the midline off. These include the eyes, nose, and chin. A portion of the population has uneven eye levels or a nose that is slightly off center. If not taken into account this will throw the whole analysis off. Cosmetic Dentistry uses a more accurate landmark on the face. The point between the eyebrows and the cupid’s bow in the center of the upper lip is used. By using these two landmarks, cosmetic dentists can draw and locate the facial midline wile also determining its direction.

Whenever possible, the midline between the upper front teeth (central incisors) should coincide with the facial midline. In cases where this is not possible, the midline between the central incisors should be perpendicular to the imaginary line that could be drawn through the corners of the mouth.

-Smile Line. Your smile line is the line created by the top of your lower lip. In an ideal smile line, the edges of your upper teeth should be parallel to your lower lip when you smile. The bottom of your lower lip should have the same line as the gums of your lower jaw. This should always be a standard, regardless of the size or shape of your smile. Once your cosmetic dentist has determined the orientation of your smile line, they can design its curve, or shape, and determine the length of your new restorations for your smile makeover.

-Teeth. Smiles that tend to be considered attractive usually hve a few things in common. These features include white teeth, teeth that are unstained, and evenly spaced with no crowding.

Upon smiling, your top teeth show fully in a good proportion to your gums. The line where the gums and teeth meet is smooth and even. The smile line of the upper teeth follows the curve of the lower lip. The midline of the upper front teeth ideally is in the center of the face. Tooth reveal is a term that describes the amount of tooth structure that shows during smiling and various angles of your face.

Cosmetic Dentististry Variations

The impact of a smile cannot be judged just by the individual beauty of teeth and gums. Each and every patient has their own unique qualities, quirks, and traits. These include age, sex, personality traits, as well as cosmetic dentistry expectations.

When considering  person’s ideal smile, the cosmetic dentist will always consider an individuals personal traits. These include facial features, skin tones, hair color, as well as how your teethare framed by your overall appearance. Occlusal and functional considerations will also play a role in the final treatment.

Macroesthetic concepts provide only guidelines and reference points for beginning esthetic evaluation, planning and treatment. The artistic component can be applied and perfected in cosmetic dentistry by dentists who understand the rules, tools and strategies of smile design. In modern cosmetic dentistry there are tools such as digital imaging, lasers, teeth whitening procedures that allow a skilled cosmetic dentist to create smile makeovers.

The cosmetic dentistry procedures range from teeth whitening to dental bonding to porcelain veneers, crowns, and dental implants. Cosmetic dentists also have at their disposal the ability to augment soft tissues. The use of dermal fillers can correct certain facial feature such as thin lips or even facial asymmetry. Advances in cosmetic dentistry and sedation dentistry make it possible to do these procedures with less patient anxiety and pain.

Ultimately any cosmetic dentistry smile makeover is in the eye of the beholder. Just because certain procedures are possible it does not mean it should be done on each and every patient. Many patients embrace their uniqueness and are fine with the way they look. Others are looking for a change and thats where cosmetic dentistry can come in and make that happen for them.