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Pacifiers are used as a soothing tool in infants and very young children. The habit of sucking is a normal, natural behavior for babies. This is how they receive all of their nutrition in the first months of life. Some babies will even begin sucking on their fingers or thumb inside the womb. Babies will also suck for other reasons. It is a soothing

Pacifier Use Marielaina Perrone DDS

Be Smart About Pacifier Use!

behavior that can help them relax and sometimes even put them to sleep. It can relieve anxiety and make them feel secure and happy. They are especially useful during the first six months of life.

Studies have also shown a benefit from pacifier use in development of jaw muscles as well as decreasing risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Pacifier use is generally safe and effective in its job for the first two years of life but problems can arise with continued pacifier use after age 2.

Dangers Of Continued Pacifier Use

Research has shown that pacifier use before the age of 2 is natural and healthy for a baby. After the age of 2 problems can arise that can endanger the child’s oral health going forward. Some of the dangers associated with continued pacifier use include:

-Increased risk of middle ear infections. Researchers theorized it may have something to do with the change in pressure equilibrium inside the ear caused by the constant sucking.

-Improper growth or development of the mouth.

Misalignment of Teeth. These issues might include displaced teeth, overbites, cross bites, and open bites.

-Increased Risk of Tooth Decay. Kids who use a pacifier longer, also tend to drink from a bottle longer. All this sucking combined with liquids applied directly to the teeth can cause tooth decay and badly formed teeth.

Pacifier Use Marielaina Perrone DDS-Development of a Thumb Sucking Habit. This will accelerate and make any issues even more pronounced.

-Germ ingestion is increased throughout life with long term use of pacifiers. Research has shown that children who use pacifiers after infant stages are more likely to pick up and put items in their mouths.

-Sleep disruption. They have a problem because they grow used to having the pacifier in their mouth while sleeping, and can’t sleep without it. This issue isn’t limited to pacifier users. It’s also true of kids who suck their thumb past infancy. Older thumb suckers often mimic the health issues of pacifier users.

Correct Pacifier Use

Here are a few tips for correct pacifier use:

-Use specially designed orthodontic pacifiers. A good example is the advanced airshield orthodontic pacifier by NUK.

-Keep Pacifiers clean and free of unwanted germs. Always wash a new pacifier prior to use.

-Regularly check your child’s pacifier for cracks or tears. These can become a choking hazard and should be thrown away immediately.

-Do not tie the pacifier around your infants neck.

Following these rules will help ensure your babies pacifier use is safe and healthy.

What Can Be Done To Stop Pacifier Use

While the use of pacifiers before 2 years old is very beneficial it is not always easy to get your child to stop at their 2nd birthday. Some tips to help wean your child off the pacifier include:

1. Take It Away Sooner Than  Later.

To break the pacifier habit taking the pacifier away sooner than later is the most effective strategy. Babies have their own powerful ways of protesting the end of a belovedPediatric Dentistry Marielaina Perrone DDS habit like the pacifier. But taking it away when your child is too young to express his displeasure and negotiate with words can make the transition simpler and easier. Once the pacifier is taken away, do not give it back!!! Tell them it is gone, show it to them in the trash, and then bring it outside to the garbage. Children understand the concept “all gone”.

2. Change The Pacifier’s Taste.

You are probably familiar with the idea of stopping nail-biters by painting their nails with something that tastes unpleasant. A similar method sometimes works to separate kids and their pacifiers.

3. Leave it for the Pacifier Fairy

The pacifier fairy is a first cousin to the tooth fairy. This magical creature may help your child make the transition from being hooked on the pacifier to living pacifier-free. A nice replacement gift from the fairy is also a great idea.

4. Lose it

This may come as a revelation: Next time you’re frantically looking for your child’s precious pacifier, stop. If it’s lost, let it be lost. Alternatively, you can lose it on purpose. Both strategies have worked for desperate moms and dads.

Pacifier Conclusion

For many infants weaning off the pacifier can be very difficult. Some kids are not only physically attached to the pacifier but emotionally attached as well. In those children it is doubly hard to break the habit. As hard as it may be for parent and child, for the child’s health it is a very important reason to break the habit at the right time before any damage can occur.



Interceptive Orthodontics is a phased type of orthodontics. Growth is utilized to correct developmental occlusion problems. Staging the treatment can correct immediateInterceptive Orthodontics Marielaina Perrone DDS problems and future issues. Interceptive orthodontics simply means diagnosing and treating malocclusions as soon as they are detected. The American Academy of Orthodontics now says all children should have an orthodontic assessment no later than the age of seven.

In the past, orthodontic treatment did not begin until around age 12-14. This is when all the permanent teeth are already erupted or very close to it. It was also common for your dentist to remove  permanent teeth to correct the bite and allow for room for the final phase of tooth movement. Modern orthodontists now advocate a way to keep permanent teeth, with phased  interceptive orthodontics. In interceptive orthodontics, children are treated at much earlier ages (usually between age 7-11 years old) to take advantage of continuing growth. Patients at this age tend to be more receptive to, and compliant with treatment. Interceptive orthodontics allows for fewer teeth to be extracted and also allows for  better end results.

Why Does My Child Need Interceptive Orthodontics?

Parents and patients need to understand that when interceptive orthodontics is performed there is usually more than one phase of of treatment. Phase two will begin when all the permanent teeth are in place. Going through phases allows for the second phase to be shorter in duration, since the major corrections happened in the interceptive orthodontics phase. Sometimes interceptive orthodontics are needed to correct problems related to skeletal development, and sometimes it is needed as a direct result of oral habits.

Correction of Thumb Sucking and Pacifier Habits. Persistent thumb sucking, and extended use of a pacifier effect the development of the mouth. Thumb sucking, and pacifier use after the age of three could result in:

– a reshaped jawbone given its soft and pliable nature

– mis-aligned teeth growing out of position

– narrower dental arches

-extreme tongue thrust habits

– protruding front teeth which may be more susceptible to injury

– “open bites” that would require extensive orthodontic treatment to straighten

Some developmental issues requiring interceptive orthodontics include:

-constricted palate, causes misalignment of back teeth commonly called crossbite

-crowding of teeth

-uneven development of upper and lower jaw

Interceptive Orthodontics Marielaina Perrone DDS

Examples of Interceptive Orthodontics:

Expansion of the upper jaw to eliminate a crossbite

Expansion of one or both jaws to create space for overly crowded teeth

Early removal of specific baby teeth to facilitate the proper eruption of permanent teeth

Maintaining space for permanent teeth after the premature loss of a baby tooth

Reducing the protrusion of upper incisors to decrease the likelihood of fracture from trauma

What are the advantages of interceptive orthodontics?

Some of the most direct results of interceptive treatment are:

-Creating room for crowded, erupting teeth

-Creating facial symmetry by influencing jaw growth

-Reducing the risk of trauma to protruding front teeth

-Preserving space for unerupted teethLas Vegas Cosmetic Dentist Marielaina Perrone DDS

-Expanding the palate to properly position back molars

-Reducing the need for tooth removal

-Reducing treatment time

Is your child a candidate for Interceptive Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is not just for improving the appearance of the smile. Orthodontic treatment improves malocclusions.  Malocclusions occur as a result of tooth or jaw misalignment. Malocclusions affect the way you smile, chew, clean your teeth or even the way you feel about your smile. Recent studies have shown that malocclusions left untreated can result in problems as we age. Crowded teeth are much more difficult to brush and floss which may contribute to tooth decay and periodontal disease. Protruding teeth are more susceptible to accidental chipping. Crossbites can result in unfavorable growth and uneven tooth wear. Openbites can result in tongue-thrusting habits and speech impediments.

Interceptive Orthodontics Conclusion

In the end, orthodontics is not just about a pretty smile. It adds to ones function and ability to maintain healthy teeth throughout their lives.