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Maintaining strong bones and teeth is something we all need to do over the course of our lives. Most people think that all that requires is consuming more milk. That is

Nutrition Marielaina Perrone DDS

Eat Right For A Healthy Body and Teeth!

simply not the case as many different nutrients and vitamins are needed to maintain bones and teeth. Luckily, most of those nutrients can be found in common everyday foods.

Vitamins Needed For Healthy Teeth

-Calcium – This is the one we all know we need. But did you know that calcium also aids in blood clotting, transmission of nerve impulses, as well as the regulation of your heart’s rhythm. Calcium is an essential nutrient your body needs and if it does not get enough of it, your body will pull it from your bones. Calcium comes from many sources. These include dairy products (milk and cheese), dark leafy greens and even dried beans. Adults up to age 50 should get 1,000 milligrams of calcium and adults over 50 should get 1,200 milligrams of calcium

-Vitamin D – Vitamin D and calcium are partners in building strong bones and teeth. Vitamin D is needed to help your body absorb calcium. Unfortunately, vitamin D is not easily found in everyday foods. You can get your daily intake of vitamin D from fortified foods, spending a few minutes in the sun each day, or from supplements.

-Vitamin C - Your bones, teeth and the connective tissues surrounding each tooth all contain large amounts of collagen, a type of protein. Getting enough vitamin C helps your body produce collagen and helps to ensure that you can maintain the health of collagen-rich tissues. Vitamin C deficiencies weaken your bones and teeth, and people with severe vitamin C deficiency often experience tooth loss. Most fruits and vegetables contain vitamin C, so include fresh or frozen produce in every meal to fight vitamin C deficiency.

-Vitamin A - Vitamin A is important for bone growth, cell reproduction and repair. The most common sources for vitamin A are animal products, dairy, and colorful fruits and vegetables.

-Vitamin E - Recent studies have found that individuals with periodontal disease have low levels of vitamin E in their gum tissue. The link between vitamin E and periodontal disease is still not completely understood, but eating foods rich in vitamin E helps increase your overall levels of this vitamin and might help maintain healthy Nutrition Marielaina Perrone DDSbones and teeth. Eat almonds, avocado and olive and canola oils as sources of vitamin E.

Excellent Sources of Food For Bone Health

-Yogurt - Most people get their vitamin D through exposure to sunlight, but certain foods, like yogurt, are fortified with vitamin D. One cup of yogurt can be a creamy way to get your daily calcium. Stonyfield Farms makes a fat-free plain yogurt that contains 30% of your calcium and 20% of your vitamin D for the day. And though we love the protein-packed Greek yogurts, these varieties tend to contain less calcium and little, if any, vitamin D.

-Milk - There’s a reason milk is the poster child for calcium. Eight ounces of fat-free milk will cost you 90 calories, but provide you with 30% of your daily dose of calcium. Choose a brand fortified with vitamin D to get double the benefits.

-Cheese – Just because cheese is full of calcium doesn’t mean you need to eat it in excess (packing on the pounds won’t help your joints!). Just 1.5 ounces (think a set of dice) of cheddar cheese contains more than 30% of your daily value of calcium, so enjoy in moderation. Most cheeses contain a small amount of vitamin D, but not enough to put a large dent in your daily needs.

-Sardines – These tiny fish, often found in cans, have surprisingly high levels of both vitamin D and calcium. Though they may look a bit odd, they have a savory taste that can be delicious in pastas, salads, and even as topping on pizza.

-Eggs - Though eggs only contain 6% of your daily vitamin D, they’re a quick and easy way to get it. Just don’t opt for egg whites—they may cut calories, but the vitamin D is in the yolk.

-Salmon - Salmon is known for having plenty of heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids, but a 3-ounce piece of sockeye salmon contains more than 100% of your vitamin D. So eat up for your heart and your bones.

-Spinach - One cup of cooked spinach contains almost 25% of your daily calcium, plus fiber, iron, and vitamin A.

-Fortified Cereal - Certain cereals—like Kashi U Black Currants and Walnuts, Total Whole Grain, and Wheaties—contain up to 25% of your daily vitamin D. When you do notNutrition Marielaina Perrone DDS have time to cook salmon or get out in the sun, cereals can be a tasty way to get your vitamin D.

-Tuna - Tuna, another fatty fish, is a good source of vitamin D. Three ounces of canned tuna contains 154 IU, or about 39% of your daily dose of the sunshine vitamin.

-Collared Greens - Like spinach, this leafy green often enjoyed south of the Mason-Dixon line is full of calcium. One cup of cooked collards contains more than 25% of your daily calcium.

-Orange Juice - A glass of orange juice does not have calcium or vitamin D, but it is often fortified to contain these nutrients. Try Tropicana’s Calcium + Vitamin D to get a boost of these essentials.  Also, studies have shown that the ascorbic acid in OJ may help with calcium absorption, so you may be more likely to get the benefits of this fortified drink.

Conclusion

Maintaining healthy bones and teeth requires attention to what we eat. It is never too early to start as studies have shown that women who maintain proper nutrition levels at earlier ages have less bone density issues as they age. As always see your dentist regularly for dental examinations, oral cancer screenings, and professional cleanings to keep your teeth their healthiest.

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay (formerly nursing caries) - is a dental condition that occurs in children between 12 months and 3 years of age as a result of being given a

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Marielaina Perrone DDS

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Can Be Prevented

bottle at bedtime, or at will breast feeding, resulting in prolonged exposure of the teeth to milk or juice. Caries are formed because pools of milk or juice in the mouth break down to lactic acid and other decay-causing substances. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay preventive measures include elimination of the bedtime feeding or substitution of water for milk or juice in the nighttime bottle, scheduled nursing, wiping out the mouth with a wash cloth, and following feedings with water.

We all want what is best for our children and that includes making them happy. Parents hate to see their baby cry for any reason especially at bedtime. But did you know feeding a child at bedtime or even through the night can create dental havoc for them?

Even though baby teeth are temporary in nature, your children’s baby teeth are important for many years, and are still susceptible to tooth decay. Tooth decay in infants and toddlers is often referred to as Baby Bottle Tooth Decay, or Early Childhood Caries. Children need strong, healthy teeth to chew their food, speak and for a cosmetically pleasing smile. Their first teeth also help make sure their adult teeth come in correctly. It’s important to start infants off with good oral care to help protect their future teeth for decades to come.

What Happens In Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay usually affects the upper front teeth, but other teeth can also be affected. There are a variety of reasons which can cause baby bottle tooth decay. One common cause is the frequent, continuous exposure of the baby’s teeth to drinks that contain sugar. Milk contains natural sugar, called lactose, but even though it is natural it is still sugar, so staying in the mouth without cleanup will form acid which leads to decay . Baby bottle tooth decay can occur when the baby is put to bed with a bottle, or when a bottle is used as a pacifier for a fussy baby. While milk contains some natural sugar, juice is primarily sugar. A baby requires milk, while juice is completely unnecessary. Most sugary drinks that parents give their children, are things that they think will taste good, but not what a baby needs. Milk and water to drink and fruit to eat, is the best way to incorporate the healthy attributes of nutrition without making our children prone to sugar causing tooth decay.

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Marielaina Perrone DDS

Prevent Baby Bottle Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is a disease that can begin with cavity-causing bacteria being passed from the mother (or primary caregiver) to the infant. These bacteria are passed through the saliva. When the mother puts the baby’s feeding spoon in her mouth, or cleans a pacifier in her mouth, the bacteria can be passed to the baby. However, this only puts a child at higher risk, proper hygiene and nutrition will negate those effects. The earlier you start with sugar, the more addicted to sweets your child will be. They can not make the right choices yet, you have to do it for them.

If your infant or toddler does not receive an adequate amount of fluoride in their water, they may also have an increased risk for tooth decay in their developing teeth. The good news is that tooth decay is preventable with proper oral hygiene practices.

Tips to Avoid Baby Bottle Tooth Decay

-Do not share feeding spoons with baby or lick their pacifier. After each feeding for your infant, exercise good oral hygiene by wiping your child’s gums with a clean, damp gauze pad or even a washcloth, or give them some water to drink..

-Schedule visit to dentist by age 1. This can be a purely educational visit as you learn what needs to be done to protect their teeth as they come in, and make it fun.

-When your child’s teeth come in, brush them gently with a child-size toothbrush and water or a childrens’ toothpaste without fluoride. Talk to your child’s dentist or physician if you are considering using fluoride toothpaste before age 2. Generally, fluoride is not recommended until a child will swish and spit, and not swallow the toothpaste.

-Brush the teeth with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste from the ages of 2 to 6. Most kids are not able to properly brush on their own. Parents need to brush for them, and then let them try at the end. Young children will try, but do not do a thorough job.

-Supervise brushing until your child can be counted on to spit and not swallow toothpaste. By about age 7 ,most kids are able to brush properly on their own.Pediatric Dentistry Marielaina Perrone DDS

-Place only formula, milk or breast milk in bottles. Avoid filling the bottle with liquids such as sugar water, juice or soft drinks.

-Infants should finish their bedtime and nap time bottles before going to bed.

-If your child uses a pacifier, provide one that is clean. DO NOT dip it in sugar or honey.

-Encourage your child to drink from a cup by their first birthday.

-Encourage healthy eating habits.

Conclusion To Baby Bottle Tooth Decay

It is important to get children started on a path to good health. This includes practicing good dental hygiene. Schedule a dental visit for your child by age 1 or when the first tooth appears. For most this first dental visit is a well check and more about education than treatment. Oral care, when started early, will be a fun time for the two of you for years to come. You are the role model, so be encouraging, and they will develop your good habits.

 

Las Vegas Dental Implants Marielaina Perrone DDS

Dental Implants – Solution for Tooth Loss

In today’s world, when a tooth is lost, most of us would like it replaced permanently with another tooth. The options for patients varies among different cases and situations. In the case of a lost or missing tooth, there have been traditionally several ways to restore it. The removable flipper, a cemented 3 tooth bridge (fixed bridge), or dental implants. If you have ever seen or worn a flipper, basically a removable retainer with a tooth attached, you know that it is not the best option. A fixed bridge may be necessary if there is inadequate bone or health issues deeming implants a higher risk. Dental implants have become the optimum choice, basically replacing the tooth with a whole new tooth.

Traditional Dental Bridge

A traditional dental bridge, utilizes one or more adjacent teeth for stability. A bridge is anchored to healthy teeth at either end. With a traditional dental bridge, the  tooth behind and in front of the missing tooth are trimmed down, to accommodate the fitting of crowns.  The bridge usually consists of 3 crowns fused together, and is custom fabricated by a laboratory technician.

There are three types of Fixed Dental Bridges:

-Traditional bridges involve fabricating a crown for the tooth on either side of the missing tooth, with a pontic (fake tooth) fused in between. Traditional bridges are the most common type of bridge and are generally made of either porcelain fused to metal or all porcelain.

-Cantilever bridges are used when there are adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing tooth or teeth. The cantilever extends out over the missing tooth space without end support. This type of bridge can cause rocking and damage to the tooth or teeth it is attached to.

-Maryland bridges (also referred to as a resin-bonded bridge) are made of plastic or porcelain teeth and gums supported by a metal framework structure. Metal wings on each side of the bridge are adhesively bonded to your existing teeth. The metal can show through and hamper cosmetics.

Dental Implants

A dental implant is essentially a new root for your new tooth. The implant is surgically placed into your jaw, the bone grows around it and actually sticks to it. The process is called osseointegration. This is what gives the implant it’s strength. It is actually stronger than a natural tooth. The best part, is you do not have to disrupt the surrounding teeth, and it will never decay.

Las Vegas Dental Implants Marielaina Perrone DDSPros and Cons

-Dental implants may be less noticeable and provide a more natural cosmetic appearance.

-Dental implants can be flossed, brushed , and treated like a normal tooth, bridges require more complex hygiene maintenance.

-Dental implants provide more efficient chewing than bridges, which may chip, break, or shift.

-Dental implants have a 98% success rate.

.-Bridges require healthy, stable teeth on either side of the missing tooth or teeth for placement. This is not required in the case of dental implants.

-The teeth to which a traditional bridge is attached are permanently affected by the procedure of placing crowns on them. With dental implants, adjacent teeth are not affected or prepared in any way. If one tooth to which a bridge is attached develops problems, the entire bridge will likely need to be replaced.

- Dental implants are generally a bit more expensive than bridges.

-Dental implants can fail. They may not integrate with bone, may develop periodontal disease, or may break.

-Dental Implants generally take a few months from start to finish of treatment, whereas a dental bridge can be completed in about 2 weeks.

Longevity

The average life span of a bridge, with proper oral hygiene, is eight to 15 years. Dental implants are considered permanent, although any crowns or bridges attached to them are subject to normal wear and tear and may need to be replaced at some point. Proper oral hygiene is crucial to the success of any restorative dental work.

Conclusion

In today’s modern dentistry, dental implants are quickly becoming the first choice for many. The choice of an implant has become more affordable, and more successful. Life is all about choices. The dentist can give the patient the pros and cons of each procedure and allow the patient to make the most educated decision they can.  The procedure  you choose will solve the problem of a missing tooth, in the way that works best for you.

We all have habits some good and some bad. But did you know that some of these habits can affect your teeth?

The following are some habits that can damage your teeth and oral health…

1. Tobacco. This is an obvious one for most people. Smoking turns your beautiful white teeth yellow over time, but it can be much more damaging than that. Smoking or even smokeless tobacco has been shown to cause oral cancer (along with lung and throat cancer), periodontal disease, tooth decay, and eventually tooth loss.

2. Diet pills. Taking these may seem like a quick way to slim your waist line, diet pills can also be an easy way to develop gum disease and tooth decay. Most people do not realize but many over the counter medications, like diet pills, actually cause your body to decrease salivary flow. When salivary flow decreases you increase your risk for tooth decay and periodontal disease. The best prescription for losing weight is a well balanced diet along with regular exercise. Not only will you lose weight but you will protect your smile.

3. Teeth grindingTeeth grinding (also called Bruxism) has a wide range of effects on a person’s smile. Grinding your teeth can affect your temperomandibular joint (commonly referred to as the TMJ), cause premature breakdown of teeth, cause tooth sensitivity, and even change the appearance of your face. People who have normally healthy teeth will over time destroy the outer layer of their teeth(the enamel) which causes chipping, fractures, and sensitivity. Stress is a major factor in teeth grinding so finding ways to relax prior to bedtime will be the long term goal. Your dentist can fabricate a custom night guard for you to protect your teeth and help stop the habit.

4. Choosing not to Floss. Brushing and flossing are equally important. Many people use the excuse that they are really good brushers so they do not need to floss. But that is not the case. Flossing at least once per day is one of the best things you can do for maintenance of your teeth. Flossing helps remove plaque and food debris from around the teeth, in between the teeth and along the gum line. This will help prevent the onset of periodontal disease. Flossing will also help control bad breath by removing the bacteria and food debris causing it in most cases.

5. Brushing at the wrong time. We have always been taught to brush after every meal. But recent studies have shown that depending on what you are consuming it might no be the best idea for you. After eating or drinking foods high in acid (like soft drinks, citrus fruits, or even wine) it is best to rinse with water first to neutralize the acids and then brush about an hour or so later. Researchers have shown this is because right after exposing our teeth to the high acid environment the enamel weakens and the brushing action could cause tooth enamel erosion. So its best to rinse first to neutralize the acid and then brush later.

6. Chewing Ice. This is especially dangerous for your molars in the back of your mouth. Chewing on ice presents an advanced challenge to our teeth. The tremendous forces needed to break thru the ice can crack your teeth or existing fillings. Our molars have pointy edges called cusps and can shear off and break from chewing ice. The coldness of ice can cause the nerves connected to the teeth to get damaged as well. An alternative to crushing the ice with your teeth and let the ice cube melt in your mouth.

7. Sports drinks. These types of drinks have become extremely popular among athletes as well as the general population. But they are hazardous to your teeth. Sports drinks are highly acidic just like soft drinks. This means they can have the same effect as soft drinks in eroding away a tooth’s enamel. Also many of these drinks are high in sugar content which can lead to increased risk for tooth decay.

8. Nail Biting. This is the most commonly found bad habit in children and even adults. When thinking, during stressed times, people tend to put their nails under their teeth

teeth damaged by bad habits

Bad habits Damaging your teeth?

and bite on them continuously. This is an unhygienic habit as all the dirt from the nails will enter your mouth. When you bite on your nails this dirt enters your mouth with your saliva. Also your teeth tend to chip and break when you bite your nails often.

9. White wine. Many people enjoy a glass of wine from time to time whether just relaxing at the end of a long day or with dinner. Most know that red wine can cause staining on teeth so many of us drink white wine. White wine can be just as damaging but in a different way. White wine is extremely acidic and can cause permanent damage to your teeth thru enamel erosion. A good tip is following drinking a glass of white wine rinse out your mouth with water to neutralize and cleanse the acids away. 

 10. Skipping Regular Dental Exams and Cleanings. Even if you brush and floss as recommended, dental plaque and calculus can build up on surface tooth enamel and below the gum line. Periodic dental exams and professional cleanings every 6 months can greatly lower your risk of tooth decay, tooth loss and periodontal disease.