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Is Gingivitis CurableGingivitis is simply inflammation of the gum tissue that surrounds the teeth. Ginigivitis especially in its earliest form is painless with mild symptoms. This causes many to be unaware that they are in the midst of the first stage of periodontal disease. If gingivitis is left untreated it can progress to more advanced stages of periodontal disease. Is gingivitis curable? Yes with proper professional care as well as diligent home dental hygiene care.

Causes Of Gingivitis

Gingivitis develops when plaque builds up along our teeth and gums. The plaque can then turn into what is called tartar. Tartar is a hard calcified deposit that forms on the teeth. This plaque and tartar acts as an irritant to your gum tissues. Your gum tissues react by starting the bodies inflammatory process. When at home dental hygiene is insufficient, bacteria in dental plaque and tartar release acids that stimulate the inflammatory response by the body. This will cause the gum tissues to appear puffy, red, and bleed easily upon brushing.

Poor dental hygiene is the main cause of gingivitis. There are others that can contribute to its development. These can include:

Is Gingivitis Curable Las vegas Marielaina Perrone DDSPrescription or Over The Counter Medications. Many prescription and over-the-counter medications have a common side effect causing dry mouth or xerostomia, and even sometimes gum overgrowth. Salivary flow is important to help keep your teeth clean by controlling the growth of bacteria as well as maintaining a neutral environment to prevent development of tooth decay. That means that decreased salivary flow can increase your risk for gingivitis (as well as tooth decay). Many common medications including antidepressants, blood pressure medicines,  asthma inhalers, and common cold medications can reduce salivary flow in your mouth. Seizure medications, and some blood pressure medications can cause the gum tissue to grow abnormally. This extra tissue can make it more difficult to maintain dental hygiene. It is important you always read the side effects for any medications you are taking to ensure you take the proper steps like drinking more water and brushing more often following meals.

Hormone Surge (as in pregnancy or puberty)

Breathing Thru Your Mouth. Being a mouth breather your mouth will dry out quickly overnight. Oral dryness will increase the development of gingivitis and eventually periodontal disease.

Dry Mouth

Inadequate Nutrition (Vitamin Deficiencies). A diet that is severely lacking in calcium and vitamins B and C can put you at risk for increased incidence of periodontal disease.

Systemic Disease (example Diabetes). Viral infections and fungal infections can cause periodontal disease. Oral Thrush is a good example. Oral thrush occurs when a type of fungus that is normally occurring in the mouth gets out of control and forms oral lesions that can infect the tongue and gums. Another infection can be caused by the herpes virus. It is important to get these infections under control as soon as possible as they are extremely treatable in most cases. There are also other systemic diseases that can effect the oral tissue, such as oral cancer, and diabetes.

Smoking Or Tobacco Use. Smoking tobacco products have a direct effect on our periodontal tissues by decreasing blood circulation to those tissues. This will cause an increase in inflammation. Chewing tobacco or smokeless tobacco is a direct irritant to our tissues. The presence of tobacco on our gums can actually cause the gum tissues to erode.

Is Gingivitis Curable? Yes!

Gingivitis is curable in its earliest stages and can be easily reversed back to a healthy state. The following steps can help restore your periodontal tissues back to health:

Brushing Properly. Surprisingly, many people do no brush correctly. It is recommended to use a soft, nylon brush with a soft touch to prevent gum tissue damage. A gentle, back and forth motion at a 45 degree angle is the preferred way to complete this easy task.

-Floss Regularly. Flossing should be a daily ritual. Flossing can remove food particles and plaque. Flossing should also be done gently as not to cause trauma.

Mouthwash Use. Rinsing with an anti bacterial mouthwash can help dislodge food particles following meals. Rinsing with just plain water is helpful as well to maintain pH balance in your mouth.

-Improved Diet. Choosing a well balanced diet can contribute to better gum health as well as overall health. Be sure to get plenty of Vitamin C and calcium, which can decrease the risk of experiencing swollen gums.

Reduce Stress. Increased stress can have a definite impact on our hormone levels. One hormone in particular, Cortisol can lead to gum inflammation. Use stress reducers whenever possible.

Regular Dental Visits. Seeing your dentist and dental hygienist regularly can help prevent and diagnose any issues quickly and easily.

Is Gingivitis Curable? Self Diagnosis

Generally, the first sign most people notice is bleeding upon tooth brushing. Upon closer inspection, you might also notice your gum tissues will be red and inflamed. If you have any concerns contact your dentist for a complete evaluation and discuss how to answer the question is gingivitis curable. Other signs of gingivitis can include:

– pink toothpaste when rinsing

Halitosis (Bad Breath)

-Redness of Gum Tissues

-Visible Tartar Present

-Constant Unexplained Bad Taste In Mouth

-Ulcerations Of The Gum Tissues

Is Gingivitis Curable? Conclusion

Is gingivitis curable with proper dental hygiene and lifestyle changes? The answer is a definite YES! By brushing and flossing regularly, you can have healthy gums again.See your dentist regularly for a happier, healthy smile.




Opting to choose dental implants to replace a lost tooth or teeth can be a difficult decision. Becoming educated on the positive aspects of dental implants can help you choose dental implants in an educated manner. Dental implants when completed by a well trained implant dentist have an over 98% success rate. Below you will find the top 10 reasons to choose dental implants to restore your smile to its natural state and beyond.

Dental implants are the perfect choice for people in overall good dental health who may have lost a single tooth or multiple teeth due to development of periodontal disease, traumatic injury, or just about any other reason. Dental implants are actually more tooth saving than traditional crowns and bridges. If you choose dental implants they will not require shaving  down of healthy adjacent teeth or rely on adjacent teeth for their support.

Choose Dental Implants Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDSSufficient bone is necessary to support the dental implants, and the ideal candidates are those that have healthy periodontal tissues that are free of periodontal disease. Dental implants become connected with the underlying bone and periodontal tissues in the mouth. When you choose dental implants it is necessary to have good dental hygiene for long term success. With dental technique and material advances, dental bone grafts are now more successful than ever and can be used to increase your natural bone allowing dental implants to be an option. Be honest with your implant dentist regarding health issues. Clinical studies have shown an increased risk of failure of dental implants in patients who smoke. Generally dental implants are frequently only placed  after a patient has ceased smoking. If you choose dental implants you want to give yourself the greatest chance for success.

Top Reasons To Choose Dental Implants

1. Restore Your Smile. When you choose dental implants versus other forms of tooth replacement they need to be natural looking in appearance. Any dental restoration should restore and enhance your smile back to its natural state. Dental implants as a stand alone dental restoration or a dental implant supported denture should look and feel natural.

2. Prevent Bone Loss. When you choose dental implants, you are choosing to maintain bone height and density in your mouth. When we lose a tooth or teeth, our bodies natural inclination is to have bone resorb since it is not needed in that area when a tooth is lost. With proper placement of dental implants the body responds by maintaining bone in that area. This will maintain a youthful appearance and reduce wrinkling around the lips and mouth.

3. Increased Durability. Dental implants are extremely durable and highly successful. A well placed dental implant that is cared for should last a lifetime. This point alone should make you choose dental implants over traditional dental restorations.

4. Nutritional Enjoyment. With dental implants, food choice will not be a limiting factor. Once dental implants have healed you will be able to eat anything you want without restrictions based on your teeth. This will also lead to a healthier you as you can eat proper nutrition as necessary. With an implant supported denture, patients are able to eat a wide range of healthy foods that can include all the necessary food groups for improved nutrition and health. Chewy and crunchy foods such as carrots, lettuce and apples which are often avoided by denture wearers can be enjoyed once again when you choose dental implants.

5. Increased Self Confidence and Self Esteem. With a natural restoration and enhancement of your smile, you will immediately feel more confident. This can increase quality of life in many ways including increased job opportunities as well as romantic ones. Increased esteem and confidence will also lead to a healthier outlook on life and increased longevity. Traditional removable dentures can often over time become loose and not fit properly. This can cause the dentures to fall out and not be stable in the mouth. When you choose dental implants in combination with a denture it is fixed in place anchored by the dental implants. Your denture will not be able to fall or become loose. This will lead to increased confidence in work and social aspects of your life.

6. Better Articulated Speech. Since dental implants are fixed in place they will act like your natural teeth allowing you to speak without issue.

7. Impossible To Lose Dental Implants. Unlike a removable denture, dental implants are fixed in place and cannot be lost unless removed by your dentist.

8. Increased Convenience And Comfort. Removable dentures are notorious for causing sore spots inside the mouth. As the bones in the mouth remodel, your dentures will need adjustments and possible relining to fit comfortably again. Dental implants will not cause pain or discomfort. Removable dentures can be very inconvenient since you must remove them  at night as well as for cleaning them. They can also require messy adhesives in some patients. Patients with dental implants will not experience these situations as they will stay in the mouth permanently. Traditional removable dentures over time will often require replacement and repair. Dental implants may have an initial cost that is higher than removable dentures, they do not require a lifetime of costly dental maintenance.

9. No Interruption In Taste. Removable dentures are bulky and can interrupt the taste of our foods. Dental implants do not cover up extensive parts of our mouth allowing us the freedom to enjoy the taste and textures of our favorite food when you choose dental implants.

10. Maintenance. When you choose dental implants, you choose a low maintenance option. You will brush and floss just like your natural teeth. Since they are not removable, you do not need to buy special denture cleaners or denture adhesives. It is important to note that dental implants can be subject to periodontal disease or peri implantitis. So it is important to maintain good dental hygiene.

Top 10 Reasons To Choose Dental Implants Conclusion

When you choose dental implants, it is important to choose wisely. An educated patient is the best patient. Making an informed decision will give you a lifetime of smiles. Any questions ask your implant dentist and they can review all options with you.



Charcoal Toothpaste is all the rage for teeth whitening. Activated charcoal is also found in other popular items like supplement pills and cosmetic face masks. It is believed that activated charcoal toothpaste can be used for teeth whitening as well as giving you fresher breath. Does activated charcoal toothpaste actually make your teeth whiter or give you fresher breath over traditional toothpastes.

What Is Activated Charcoal Toothpaste?

Activated charcoal is a fine black powder made from bone char, coconut shells, peat, petroleum coke, coal, olive pits or sawdust. The charcoal is then “activated” by putting it under very high temperatures. These high temperatures change the charcoal’s internal chemical structure by decreasing the size of its pores and increasing its surface area. Once the charcoal undergoes this change it is now more porous than regular charcoal. This activated charcoal does not contain any toxic substances that are present in charcoal briquettes used in BBQ’s. Activated charcoal is commonly used in water filters. The porosity of activated charcoal allows it to bind to everything that comes its way. This can include stains, bacteria, tartar and plaque, as well as viruses. Activated charcoal is also commonly used in patients suffering from a drug overdose or poisoning.

Activated Charcoal Teeth Whitening Marielaina Perrone DDSActivated Charcoal Toothpaste….Is It Safe?

This is a controversial topic but there has been no long term research to date to prove that activated charcoal toothpaste is safe. What we do know is the following:

Activated charcoal toothpaste should not be used daily. The activated charcoal toothpaste is quite abrasive and can damage your tooth’s enamel. Wearing down your enamel can thin the outer layer out making your teeth appear yellower due to underlying dentin showing through. This tooth enamel erosion can also increase tooth sensitivity significantly. If you do choose to use an activated charcoal toothpaste it is recommended not to be used daily and to use a soft touch when brushing.

Lack Of Fluoride In Activated Charcoal Toothpastes. Most activated charcoal toothpastes do not contain fluoride. Fluoride is essential in keeping our teeth strong to defend against tooth decay. The British Dental Journal found that activated charcoal toothpaste may actually increase tooth decay. But this evidence needs to be researched further. Activated charcoal toothpastes can be used in conjunction with a regular toothpaste for people who are seeking a whiter smile, but it cannot be used in place of it.

Increased Staining. For obvious reasons, introducing a fine black powder can leave stains especially in teeth with fine micro cracks. This can also occur on dental restorations like white composite fillings, porcelain veneers and porcelain crowns.

Does Activated Charcoal Toothpaste Make Teeth Whiter?

Toothpaste that contains activated charcoal may help to remove teeth staining due to the activated charcoal’s abrasiveness. The activated charcoal also has the ability to absorb surface staining through its porous nature. To date there has been no evidence that it has a natural teeth whitening effect. Current teeth whitening products work by not only removing surface teeth stains (also called extrinsic stains) on the surface of teeth but also those below the surface (also called intrinsic stains). There just is not enough scientific evidence to prove that activated charcoal toothpastes are effective in whitening your teeth. No matter how dedicated you are to using activated charcoal toothpaste for teeth whitening, a major lightening of tooth color can only come from teeth whitening treatments that have the ability to penetrate below the external surface of our teeth. Therefore, the only recommendation that can be given right now is to use activated charcoal toothpaste to remove surface staining.

Alternatives To Activated Charcoal Toothpaste For Teeth Whitening

Your teeth whitening alternative options include:

American Dental Association (ADA) approved teeth whitening toothpastes

-American Dental Association (ADA) approved teeth whitening stripsCharcoal Toothpaste Las Vegas Marielaina Perrone DDS

-In office teeth whitening

-Dentist supervised at home teeth whitening

Charcoal Toothpaste For Teeth Whitening Conclusion

Charcoal toothpaste is safe for use as a teeth whitener. It is not to be used daily and as long as you need to understand charcoal toothpaste has definite limitations when it comes to teeth whitening. At this time, activated charcoal toothpaste is not the answer if you are looking for significantly whiter teeth. Your dentist can offer you better options. As always see your dentist regularly for a healthy, happy smile.




What causes sensitive teeth can be a tricky answer. There are many different factors that go into what causes sensitive teeth. The different senses involved are temperature, sweets, touch, and pressure. When pain and discomfort is what causes sensitive teeth it is usually a sign of a dental factor happening. This can include tooth decay, trauma to teeth, or even overall wear. below we will answer what causes sensitive teeth in more detail.

What Causes Sensitive Teeth?

There are two very different types of what causes sensitive teeth:

-Sensitivity Of The Dentin. This type of teeth sensitivity occurs when the dentin layer of a tooth is exposed. Dentin is supposed to be covered by enamel above the gum line and by cementum (bone like connective tissue covering the root of a tooth) below the gum line. The dentin is made up of tiny openings called tubules. Inside each tubule there is a nerve branch Marielaina Perrone DDS what causes sensitive teeth las vegasthat comes from the tooth’s pulp (the nerve center of the tooth). When the dentin is exposed, these nerve branches can be affected by hot, cold, or certain foods. This causes tooth sensitivity. Dentin exposure is a major factor in what causes sensitive teeth.

When the outer protective layers of enamel or cementum wear away the dentinal tubules becomes exposed to external factors. This dental sensitivity can affect one tooth or multiple teeth. Dentin exposure can be be what causes sensitive teeth in multiple ways. These can include:

– Overly Aggressive tooth brushing. The enamel layer can be worn away from brushing too hard or even using a toothbrush that is too hard over a long period of time.

– Dental plaque build up. The presence of plaque along root surfaces can cause tooth sensitivity.

-Tooth Wear. This type of wear occurs over time from teeth clenching and teeth grinding (bruxism).

-Untreated Tooth Decay.

Recession of Gum Tissues. When the gums recede they expose the tooth’s uncovedred roots. Receding gums are often caused by periodontal disease or by overly aggressive brushing. Receded gums are very common and approximately 80% of all people have some form of gum recession by the time the age of 65. Gum recession is a major factor in what causes sensitive teeth in many people.

-Periodontal surgery (gum surgery) that exposes the tooth’s roots.

Teeth Whitening.

-Frequently eating acidic foods or liquids.

-Pulpal sensitivity. This is a reaction of the tooth’s pulp. The pulp consists of blood vessels and nerves in the center of each tooth. Sensitivity of the pulpal tissue tends to affect only one tooth. Causes of this type of sensitivity can include:

-Tooth Decay or dental infection.

-Placement of a recent dental restoration.

-Excessive pressure from teeth grinding or clenching your teeth.

-A cracked or broken tooth. If you feel a sharp pain upon biting, you may have a broken or cracked filling. Pain when you release your bite is a sign of a cracked tooth.

Your dentist will be able to diagnose what causes the sensitive teeth for you.

Dental Treatment For What Causes Sensitive Teeth

Once what causes sensitive teeth for you is determined treatment can begin. If it is due to a dental infection or trauma the course of action will be direct dental treatment in form of a root canal or dental crown or treatment of gum recession. If what causes sensitive teeth for you is not as easy to detect your dentist will recommend products to protect your teeth and seal the dentinal tubules and reduce or take away tooth sensitivity.

Desensitizing Dental Products

When the causes of sensitive teeth are not so obvious, there are still many dental treatments to help contain what causes sensitive teeth for you. These can include:

-Fluoride Gel. This will help to strengthen the tooth’s enamel and reduce discomfort and pain from tooth sensitivity.

-Sensitive Teeth Toothpastes. These are recommended as well to help seal up exposed dentinal tubules. These have been known to produce excellent results in as little as 2-3 weeks. Excellent brands include sensodyne, colgate, crest, and Tom’s of Maine.

What Causes Sensitive Teeth Conclusion

Coping with and figuring out what causes sensitive teeth can be quite frustrating for patients. Many times the causes of sensitive teeth is easily diagnosed and treated and other times it need smore investigation and time to pinpoint the reason for the tooth sensitivity. As soon as you experience any dental sensitivity that causes pain and discomfort contact your dentist. This will give them a chance to diagnose quickly what causes sensitive teeth for you. The sooner the sensitivity is addressed by your dentist the happier you will be in the long run.