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Serving Las Vegas and Henderson, Nevada since 1999.

Everyone likes giving or receiving kisses. It could be a spouse, child, or loved one, but are there any dental health dangers associated with kissing? With just one kiss, youKissing Marielaina Perrone DDS can share over 500 different types of disease causing germs and viruses. Not knowing who you are kissing could be as dangerous to your health as having multiple sexual partners. What are the benefits, aside from the obvious?

Common Diseases and Viruses Transmitted By Kissing

-Cold Sores – This type of sore is caused by the herpes virus (family of diseases that causes Epstein-Barr, chickenpox, or herpes simplex). Cold sores appear as tiny, clear, fluid filled blisters that form around the mouth and lips. This type of sore is highly contagious. This is especially true while the sores are open and leaking fluids. Even sores that have formed scabs can be contagious.

-Upper respiratory tract infections - like colds can easily spread through a kiss. If you feel a cold or flu virus coming on you should avoid kissing. Many different viruses are responsible for causing the common cold. Colds are believed to be spread by direct contact with the virus. You can catch a cold from airborne droplets or from direct contact with secretions (fluids and mucous) from the infected person’s nose and throat.

-Mononucleosis (also called Glandular Fever) – This is called the “kissing disease” for a reason! It is easily transmitted to others through kissing, as well as sharing food, a cup, or even a straw.

-Hepatitis B – this may be transferred via kissing but it is quite rare, but it is transferable through saliva. Hepatitis B shows up in far higher levels in the blood than in the saliva. If the person you are kissing has bleeding gums (from periodontal disease), it will  be even more likely to be transmitted through the  mucous membranes (mouth, tongue, and gums).

-Tooth Decay – The bacteria that cause tooth decay are not found in the mouths of babies at birth.  A baby’s mouth must be colonized with infected saliva, which can be passed by a kiss on the lips from Mommy or Daddy.

-Periodontal Disease – It is possible to pass the bacteria responsible for periodontal disease through kissing.

Kissing Marielaina Perrone DDSBenefits Of Kissing

Even with all the potential dangers listed above, kissing does have some major benefits.

-Increased Salivary Flow - During the act of kissing, the salivary glands get stimulated. This releases increased saliva into the mouth. Saliva is mostly water but also contains electrolytes, sodium, proteins, and digestive enzymes. These digestive enzymes not only help in digesting food but also in resiting the attacks o viruses and bacteria. Saliva naturally guards our teeth. Saliva also contains the nutrients calcium and fluoride, which help re-mineralize any sort of injury on your tooth’s enamel.

-Temperomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorder Treatment - The physical action of kissing someone effects more than 34 different muscles in your face. Those with soreness within the TM joints at times notice that kissing helps to loosen up the jaw bone, the tongue and other muscular areas within the mouth area. Unstrained muscle groups can sort out any discomfort which is being a result of TMJ issues.

-Increased Immunity Strength – Kissing causes individuals to transfer antibodies from one to another. These antibodies may be new to you and thus will strengthen your immune system. Nevertheless, if you know someone is ill, it’s wise to try to keep from kissing them until finally they are healed.

-Improved Mood - kissing releases nature’s antidepressant, oxytocin. Kissing does not just increase the production of feel good chemicals in our bodies, it also lowers our cortisol and cholesterol levels, too.

-Increased Metabolism - During a really passionate kiss, a person can burn anywhere from 2-5 calories per minute. This is double your normal resting rate. Over an hour of kissing can lead you to burn almost 200 calories. While you should not rely on kissing to help you lose a significant amount of weight, it might give your metabolism an extra boost and help shed a pound or two.

The negative effects of kissing should not keep you from kissing your loved ones, but you should be sure to maintain your oral health to keep up your dental and physical health.

Preventive Tips While KissingKissing Marielaina Perrone DDS

-Use sugar free chewing gum, preferably with xylitol.

-Use mouthwash.

-Maintain good oral hygiene by following home care instructions and visiting your dentist regularly for dental examinations and professional cleanings.

-Visit your dentist if you suspect you may have tooth decay or a periodontal disease.

-Only kiss someone if you know where he or she has been.

Conclusion

We love to kiss those we care about. We need to remember to protect them as well as ourselves by being clean and healthy.  Be smart about who you kiss and enjoy yourself!

 

Periodontal Disease is generally associated with adults and most people believe that periodontal diseaseas well as other major dental issues are strictly an adult problem.

Periodontal Disease Marielaina Perrone DDS

Maintain Good Oral Hygiene To Keep Away Periodontal Disease

This is not the case. Children and adolescents are also at risk of developing periodontal disease and associated health problems. When children have periodontal disease, signs and symptoms include bleeding gums, especially when brushing, swelling of gums, red and tender gums, receding gums, bone loss, and persistent bad breath.

Factors That Put Children at Risk for Developing Periodontal Disease

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, periodontal disease rarely occurs in young kids and is uncommon in teenagers. Hygiene, genetics, hormones, medications, and disease put you at greater risk for developing periodontal disease. The most frequent type of periodontal disease seen in children is gingivitis, which is the earliest stage (and only stage that is reversible) of periodontitis. Without dental treatment, gingivitis can and will progress to periodontal disease. While uncommon, there are certain factors that increase the risk of children developing  juvenile periodontal disease. Juvenile periodontits affects the first permanent molars and incisors.

Genetic Factors

Genetic factors help determine whether children are at risk for developing periodontal disease. Research studies have shown that genetic factors increase the risk of developing periodontal health problems in children. Children of parents with periodontal disease have an increased risk of having the periodontal disease bacteria that can lead to increased gum infections. If one or both parents or a member of the family has or has had some form of periodontal disease, it is strongly recommended that these parents ensure their kids practice proper dental hygiene daily and visit the dentist regularly.

Teenagers – Effect Of Hormonal Changes

The risk of developing periodontal disease increases as children approach puberty. Teenagers experience increases in hormonal levels, which can promote hormonal periodontal disease. Hormones such as progesterone increase blood circulation to the gums making the tissue even more sensitive and easily irritated by plaque and bacteria that cause periodontal disease. Most teenagers also lack the motivation to practice proper dental care due to the pressure of growing up and the effect of these hormones. This increases the risk of periodontal disease such as ANUG (acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis) even more. Flaming red tissue, bleeding ulcerated tissue, pain, and gum recession are characteristic of ANUG. It is essential for adolescents to take good care of their teeth and visit the dentist regularly for periodontal evaluations.

Periodontal Disease Marielaina Perrone DDSPoor Dental Hygiene Maintenance

Poor dental hygiene maintenance puts children at increased risk of developing periodontal disease. When children do not take good care of their teeth and gums, plaque builds up and bacteria breaks it down causing periodontal health problems. Teeth clenching and grinding increases the risk of periodontal disease in children. The best way to prevent periodontal disease in children and reduce the risk is to teach good dental care habits early in their lives. Since children copy their parents’ habits, so parents should also take proper care of their teeth.

 Diseases and medications that Can  Effect Periodontal Disease

-Diabetes, poor healing

-Asthma ( inhalers can cause oral tissue damage)

-Cancer and cancer therapies(radiation and chemotherapy can cause severe damage to oral tissues)

-autoimmune disease , poor healing

-some medications can cause tissue overgrowth, such as the anti-seizure medication, dilantin.

Forms Of Pediatric Gum Disease

Gingivitis is the and mildest stage of periodontal disease. It is the most common form of gum disease in children and adolescents. Chronic gingivitis may affect children and teens causing gums to swell, redden and bleed easily.  Professional treatment and proper dental care is the way to treat and prevent this gum condition. If left untreated, gingivitis will progress and cause further damage  to oral tissues.

Aggressive (Juvenile) periodontal disease is not common in children and adolescents, sometimes it can develop even in healthy children. It mostly affects the visible molarsPeriodontal Disease Marielaina Perrone DDS and incisors, and causes loss of the bone supporting the teeth without plaque or calculus formation.

Generalized aggressive periodontal disease is rare in children but less so in teens. This form of periodontal disease has serious symptoms including gum inflammation, calculus, plaque and loose teeth.

Advanced gum disease that contributes to systematic health conditions may also occur in children and teenagers. This type of periodontal disease is especially common in children with Down syndrome, Type 1 diabetes, Kinder Syndrome, and Papillon-Lefevre syndrome.

Since kids are at risk of developing periodontal health problems just like adults, it is important for parents to take good care of their children’s teeth and gums and instill in them a lifetime habit of proper dental care including brushing and flossing.

Understanding The Risks Can Help You To Help Your Child Fight Periodontal Disease

When kids start early, they will continue practicing proper oral care, hopefully carrying that habit into adulthood.  It is essential for parents to ensure their children have regular dental checkups, periodontal health evaluations and professional cleaning. If a parent or member of the family has gum disease, it is especially important that other family members undergo a professional gum evaluation and take serious care and consideration of their teeth and gums.

Birth control is a part of many women’s lives. The newer method of receiving a birth control shot DMPA) every 3 months vs taking a pill every day has become a convenient way of  birth control  for many women.

Depo-Provera is the most well known and used DPMA. This contraceptive is injected into a woman’s muscle every three months.

DMPA works to prevent pregnancy in three different ways:

1) Prevents ovaries from releasing eggs.

2) Thickens cervical mucus to act as a barrier preventing sperm from reaching the egg.

3) Changes the lining of the uterus to prevent implantation.

Birth Control Study Findings

New studies have shown, that there are some dental health risks involved with the DMPA shot. The study has found a possible link between injectable progesterone contraceptives (Depotmedrooxyprogesterone acetate-DMPA) and periodontal disease.

The researchers examined about 4,500 participants ranging in age from 15 to 44. These patients were confirmed to not be pregnant and all reported receiving DMPA shots in the past or never having received the contraceptive shot.

About 4% of the  research participants were currently using the  Depo Provera shot, and about 12% had used it in the past. All the participants were thoroughly examined by a dentist. The dentist recorded gum tissue health indicators, such as  presence of bleeding gums,  any gingival recession, as well as  periodontal probing to measure bone levels surrounding the teeth.

Bone loss, periodontal pockets, and gingival recession are hallmark signs of periodontal disease.

Birth Control Marielaina Perrone DDSResearchers found that those currently taking DMPA injections were about 73% more likely to have gingivitis,( Gum inflammation and bleeding, without periodontal bone loss). Those women who had previously used DMPA also had a slightly higher incidence of gingivitis but the level of risk was not significant enough to prove an association.The researchers also found that Hispanic and Black women were 30-50% more likely to have some form of periodontal disease. Women of lower economic levels or who had not visited the dentist within the past two years also had a higher rate of periodontal disease.

The researchers believe that the hormones played a major role in the presence of periodontal disease. Women receiving any hormone based contraceptive (like DMPA) injections need to pay extra  attention to their teeth and gums to help prevent periodontal disease. This should include regular dental visits along with professional cleanings every 3-6 months.

Periodontal Disease Impacts your Whole Body

This research has once again shown, a definite link between periodontal disease and your overall health. When your mouth becomes diseased it does not remain contained there. When periodontal disease advances, toxins are released into your bloodstream. These toxins promote inflammation and can have a negative impact on your heart and other organs. This combination of bacteria and inflammation has been linked to a number of chronic diseases. These include:

-Heart Disease. People with periodontal disease are actually almost twice as likely to have heart disease.

-Diabetes. Periodontal disease is considered a definite complication of diabetes. Patients with diabetes are more likely to have periodontal disease than those without. According to the Journal of Periodontology, not only does having diabetes increase the risk of periodontal disease but it also increases blood sugar which will lead to  diabetic complications including problems with healing.

-Rheumatoid Arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease are both chronic inflammatory processes. It has been found that treating periodontal disease has reduced the effects of rheumatoid arthritis.

-Cancer. Periodontal disease has been linked to several different cancers including pancreatic, kidney, and blood cancers.

-Other disease links include Alzheimer’s Disease, Kidney Disease, Respiratory Disease, Pregnancy complications (premature birth and low birth weight), and Osteoporosis.

What to Do If You Take a Progesterone Contraceptive?

See your dentist more often, ( every 3-4 months) and amp up your home care. More frequent cleanings, and flossing after meals will help prevent complications and the advancement of periodontal disease. The sooner the problem is detected, the better your chances are at reversing the disease process through professional cleanings and proper oral hygiene. If periodontal disease progresses it can be treated. Most often,  a deeper cleaning called scaling and root planing will start the healing process. In more severe cases,  periodontal disease surgery may be required. Remember to ask your dentist and hygienist for better brushing and flossing techniques, and ask them how often you should be seen for cleanings.

 

National Flossing Day!!

November 23rd, 2012

Daily flossing is a requirement for healthy teeth and gums. Thorough flossing removes the plaque and food debris between your teeth that your toothbrush may not. It also

Flossing Marielaina Perrone DDS

Happy National Flossing Day!!

increases blood circulation in your gum tissue to help prevent periodontal disease.

Flossing is a critical technique for a healthy smile, but it has a fair share of interesting facts, as well.

Fun Facts about Flossing:

-Flossing has been credited to Levi Spear Parmly, a New Orleans Dentist, in 1815. He advised his patients to use a thin silk thread to clean between their teeth.

-Floss was manufactured commercially for the first time in 1882. Codman and Shurtleft Company began marketing unwaxed silk dental floss. Johnson & Johnson released their first silk floss product in 1896 and patented dental floss in 1898.

-During the 1940′s, the physician Dr. Charles Bass found that nylon material is better for flossing than silk. The silk often shredded when going between teeth. Nylon has a consistent texture and better resistance. This led to the development of waxed floss and dental tape. In response to environmental concerns, dental floss made from biodegradable materials is now available on the market.

-Proper flossing requires the average person to use approximately 120 yards of floss per year. Manufacturers data shows that only an average of 18 yards is sold per person each year.

-Dentists and dental hygienists recommend the daily oral hygiene regimen of tooth brushing and flossing. Almost all Americans brush their teeth daily. However, the ADA indicates that only about 12% of Americans floss daily, 39% floss less than daily, and almost 50% do not floss at all.

-Occasional flossing or flossing improperly can typically lead to bleeding gums. The main cause of the bleeding is inflammation of the gingival tissue due to gingivitis (the earliest form of periodontal disease).

It comes in many forms – waxed, unwaxed, flavored, unflavored, wide, and regular. All floss works the same, but only if you use it properly.